Volume 3 Issue 3: September 2008    
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About BBOP

The Business and Biodiversity Offset Program (BBOP) is a new partnership between companies, governments and conservation experts to explore biodiversity offsets.

Our vision and expectation is that biodiversity offsets will become a standard part of business practice for those companies with a significant impact on biodiversity.

Link to the BBOP website
 
 
About BBOP

Interested in a short overview of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Program? Check out our brochure HERE.

Visit our website to learn more about the next Learning Network Event!

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Dear BBOP Learning Network,

Many thanks to those of you who provided feedback on the initial consultation documents for the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Program (BBOP). Your feedback and suggestions will help us improve the quality and usefulness of these materials. Here are the remaining documents on which we would appreciate your feedback on www.bbopconsultation.org:

Deadline: September 12:

  • Site Selection/Landscape Level Planning

  • Biodiversity Offset Multipliers and Ratios

  • Draft BBOP Offset Implementation Handbook

  • Draft Impact Assessment and Biodiversity Offset Issues Paper
We'll be working hard in the coming months to finalise the publication from BBOP Phase 1 and prioritise our work from 2009 onwards, drawing on your suggestions. For now, we'd like to highlight some meetings, news and publications since our last newsletter and alert you to forthcoming events.

The BBOP Secretariat Team
(Kerry ten Kate, Ray Victurine, Patrick Maguire, Mahlette Betre, Justin Ward)

 

Meetings:

Recent BBOP News:

Recent Publications:

Looking Forward:

 
Meetings

CBD COP9 BBOP Side Event
May 2008 --

The ninth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 9) was held in Bonn Germany, 19 - 30 May 2008. BBOP hosted a workshop side event on May 26. This workshop brought together experts experienced in biodiversity offset design and interested business representatives together with CBD government delegates to:

1) Review progress with the Business and Biodiversity Offset Program;
2) Discuss draft principles on biodiversity offsets; and
3) Discuss COP9 draft decisions touching on biodiversity offsets.

Kerry ten Kate, Director of BBOP, presented BBOP progress, and along with Advisory Committee members Preston Hardison (Tulalip Tribes), Juan Jose Dada (IFC), Josh Bishop (IUCN), and Daniel Skambracks (KfW) presented and discussed draft principles on biodiversity offsets.

Theme Forum on Biodiversity Offsets at IAIA08
May 2008 --

A Theme Forum on Biodiversity Offsets was held in Perth on May 6, 2008, as part of the Annual Meeting of the International Association of Impact Assessment. Susie Brownlie, an independent consultant and member of the BBOP Advisory Committee, organized the event which was attended by about 300 participants. Susie led the discussion with an introduction on biodiversity offsets and the forum followed with a panel discussion with representatives from Australian national and provincial government and South Africa comprising of Theo Stephens, David Parkes, Warren Tacey and Russell Lagdon. Key issues discussed included:

  • the need for a clear strategic context in which to evaluate impacts and focus offsets;
  • the need for a consistent, transparent process and provision for review by stakeholders;
  • the need for a reliable and consistent currency by which to measure impacts and determine offsets;
  • the tension between satisfying the mitigation hierarchy and - consequently - dealing with offsets late in the planning process, and the need to 'think ahead' and start planning offsets as early as possible to address them adequately;
  • the need for an independent body to advise on 'the best' or 'most appropriate' offset, rather than either the regulator and/or the proponent and/or the conservation agency. That advice should then be considered by the decision-maker;
  • the need to check implementation and provide for adaptive management of offsets (no such thing as 'in perpetuity');
  • the need for the proponent to face up to, and take responsibility for, impact arising from development, and to implement offsets - i.e. want to try to internalize the externalities as far as possible, not simply pass on the responsibility to an outside agency;
  • the high risks of handing money to an outside agency to 'do' offsets on the proponent's behalf - funds often not ringfenced, time lags, etc; and
  • early screening is important to highlight potential showstoppers, where offsets would be inappropriate; makes good risk management sense.
More information on this event can be found at: http://dev.iaia.org/pdfs/themeforums/TF1-1_SessionReport.pdf.

American Wind and Wildlife Initiative
May 2008 --

Patrick Maguire, BBOP Program Manager, attended a meeting of the American Wind and Wildlife Initiative’s (AWWI) mapping and mitigation workshop, held jointly with the Audubon Society in Minneapolis, Minnesota on May 12-13. Participants included industry, NGOs and government agency personnel. The wind energy industry in the United States is planning to expand production dramatically in the next 20 years, and the AWWI is seeking to promote this expansion in an ecologically responsible manner. The group plans to produce a national level map showing overlap of wind potential and biodiversity concerns. They’re interested in exploring biodiversity offsets as part of an inventory of mitigation ideas that warrant greater focus by AWWI and its stakeholders in the future.

BBOP Presentation at Katoomba Group Conference
June 2008 --

Kerry ten Kate, BBOP Director, presented the outlook on biodiversity offsets as part of a panel on Biodiversity Markets at the 12th Global Katoomba Group meeting in Washington DC on June 9-10. She was joined on the panel by BBOP Advisory Committee member Sachin Kapila, Group Biodiversity Adviser, Shell, Steve Morgan, CEO of Wildlands and close colleague of BBOP stalwart Wayne White, Alvaro Umaña, Former Minister of Natural Resources & Energy, Costa Rica and representative for Central America of the International Monetary Fund; and Yusuf Ole Petenya Shani, Secretary, Shompole Community Trust, Kenya, who leads a BBOP pilot project.

The event, co-hosted by The Katoomba Group, Forest Trends and the Smithsonian Institution, brought together fifty speakers from business, finance, government, communities, NGOs, and regional organizations, and over six hundred participants from more than 35 countries. It focused on the challenges and opportunities of emerging ecosystem markets both in the U.S. and around the world. BBOP Advisory Committee member Stuart Anstee of Rio Tinto spoke in the panel discussion on the state of affairs of natural infrastructure, following the opening keynote speech by John Holdren, Director, Woods Hole Research Center. The Biodiversity Markets session panelists discussed how these markets work, the pros and cons of the market approach, and how biodiversity markets can be optimized and leveraged internationally. More information on the meeting can be found at: http://www.katoombagroup.org/~katoomba/event_details.php?id=20.

BBOP Meeting with Representatives of Indigenous and Local Communities and Associated Experts
June 2008 --

BBOP convened a technical consultation meeting on June 11, 2008 in Washington, DC which brought together 19 participants from Africa, Asia, North and South America, and Europe with a variety of expertise in biodiversity offsets and indigenous and local communities’ participation issues. The purpose of this meeting was to introduce BBOP to representatives of indigenous peoples and local communities and other individuals working with them, and to engage participants in a discussion on how to improve the draft BBOP documents and how to involve indigenous peoples and local communities in the current consultation period of BBOP and Phase 2 of the program. At the conclusion of the meeting, participants welcomed being a part of the consultation process and willingness to be transparent. Participants had arrived at the meeting with different levels of expertise on biodiversity offsets and indigenous participation issues and left with more mutual understanding and awareness of the issues.

Meeting Photo

BBOP Meeting with Representatives of Indigenous and Local Communities and Associated Experts
Participants from left to right –
Front row: Constantino Aucca, ECOAN, Peru; Patrick Maguire, BBOP, US; Rebecca Vonada, Forest Trends, US; Beatrice Ahimbisbwe, ECOTRUST, Uganda; John Scott, Secretariat Convention on Biological Diversity, Australia; Ole Petenya, Shompole Community Trust, Kenya; Kristen Walker Painemilla, Conservation International, US; Benjamin Jomo Washiali, MP Mumias Constituency, Kenya; Eileen Yen Ee Lee, Warisan Nature and Tradition, Canada and Sarawak; Marta Miranda, WWF, US; Mary Allegretti, Formerly with the Brazilian Ministry of Environment, Brazil; Beto Borges, Forest Trends, US
Second Row: Rubens Born, Vitae Civilis, Brazil; Vladimir Bocharnikov, RAIPON, Russia; Preston Hardison, Tulalip Tribes, US; Bob Tai, Environment Canterbury, New Zealand; Kerry ten Kate, BBOP, UK; Odigha Odigha, Coalition for Environment, Nigeria; Connie Campbell, USAID, US

Inaugural meetings of BBOP-Brazil, hosted by FUNBIO
August 2008 --

Our new Advisory Committee member, the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO), (see below) got off to a roaring start by hosting two meetings in Sao Paulo designed to inaugurate ‘BBOP-Brazil’. During the morning of 29 August, FUNBIO hosted its fourth ‘Sustainability Dialogue’, with the title: Beyond compensation: how business can overcome impacts and generate net benefits for biodiversity. The meeting held in the courtyard of the beautiful Cultural Foundation of Ema Gordon Klabin was very well attended, with representatives from extractive and agribusiness companies, banks, government at the federal and state levels, NGOs, foundations and representatives from academia and the media. After a welcome from FUNBIO Council member Guilherme Leal (far left of photo) and the program’s Secretary General Pedro Leitão (third from left), BBOP Director Kerry ten Kate (fifth from left) was joined on a panel by Roberto Waack (sixth from left), President of the Consultative Council on Responsible Agribusiness, and Ricardo Henriques (far right of photo), from the Presidency of state-owned Brazilian development bank BNDES. Having spoken on the business case and evolution of best practice in compensation and broader corporate responsibility in Brazil, the panel members addressed questions posed to them by the guest debaters Senator for Acre and former Brazilian Environment Minister Marina Silva (second from right), Braúlio Dias (second from left), Director of Biodiversity Conservation at the Ministry of Environment, and Paulo Adário (fourth from left), Director of the Amazon Campaign of Greenpeace. In the afternoon, a working group of some 25 people from the meeting gathered for an initial discussion on the workplan and structure of BBOP-Brazil. Information on both meetings will be posted on the BBOP website ‘Learning Network’ page shortly.

Meeting Photo

BBOP Brazil Meeting Participants

 
Recent BBOP News

Assheton moves on and Justin Ward joins BBOP

After seven years with Conservation International and 3 years of terrific leadership and support as a member of the BBOP Secretariat, Assheton Carter has taken on a new position at PACT, where he will be Vice President, Corporate Community Engagement. Assheton is hoping to stay involved with BBOP, if his new role permits him to do so, and his Secretariat colleagues are equally keen that this happens! Mahlette Betre will continue her role on the Secretariat, and Bambi Semroc and Conrad Savy from CI will continue to offer their technical advice on the Advisory Committee.

Justin Ward will serve as interim representative for Conservation International on the BBOP Secretariat.  Justin  has been with Conservation International since 2000.  He is currently Vice President, Business Practices within CI's Center for Environmental Leadership in Business (CELB). During the last several years, he has directed CELB’s industry program activities on agriculture, forestry and fisheries, working with major companies such as Wal Mart, Starbucks, McDonald’s, Office Depot and International Paper.  We welcome Justin to BBOP.

For now, we'd like to thank Assheton very heartily for his tremendous energy, commitment and vision with BBOP and all things biodiverse, and wish him the very best at PACT, from which base we hope to continue our work with him in the future.

FUNBIO joins BBOP Advisory Committee

We are delighted to let you know that the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO) is joining the Advisory Committee, and we welcome Pedro Leitão, Daniela Lerda, Angelo Santos, Camila Monteiro and their colleagues to the group! FUNBIO is a nonprofit civil society organization that is intimately connected with conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in Brazil, including supporting protected areas. They will bring some tremendous experience in engaging the private sector in Brazil, helping bring BBOP to new sectors and landscapes.

As a private fund for biodiversity conservation FUNBIO is well positioned to promote and provide technical support to private and public companies in Brazil to implement biodiversity offsets. They can also help mobilize initiatives in other Latin American countries, as they are currently coordinating the Latin American and the Caribbean Network of Environmental Funds (RedLAC). FUNBIO is a partner of the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment in two major initiatives - the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (ARPA) and the National Biodiversity Mainstreaming and Institutional Consolidation Program (PROBIO II), and they are also part of IFC's Biodiversity and Agricultural Commodities Program (BACP), all with support from the GEF and the World Bank. The FUNBIO team kicked off their involvement with BBOP with a tremendous start: by convening the first meeting of BBOP-Brazil, as described above. They’ve also kindly offered to translate the BBOP Learning Network Newsletter into Portuguese, so please let us know if you can suggest email addresses of Portuguese-speaking colleagues that we could add to that mailing list.

BBOP members helping England explore biodiversity offset policy

Independently from their work with BBOP, Kerry ten Kate and BBOP Advisory Committee member Jo Treweek are part of a team led by Stewart Thompson of Oxford Brookes University undertaking on behalf of the UK Department of the Environment (Defra) a scoping study for the design and use of biodiversity offsets in an English context. This seven-month project involves two main phases. The first focuses on examination and review of existing experience and the second focuses on development of alternative options for implementation of a system of biodiversity offsets in England. Both phases involve consultation with key stakeholders.

 
Recent Publication / News

EU Habitats Directive and Habitat Compensation - Spatial planning in England and implementing habitat compensation under Article 6(4) of the Habitats Directive – Dissertation
By: Andrew M. Dodd
Oxford Brookes University, August 2007
http://www.forest-trends.org/biodiversityoffsetprogram/library/new/A_Dodd_MSc%20Dissertation_2007.pdf

In his dissertation, Mr. Dodd examined habitat compensatory provision systems in the UK. The aim of his research was to assess whether the spatial plan system can implement the requirement for habitat compensation under Article 6(4) of the European Union Habitats Directive. His study analyzed the requirements to secure habitat compensation under Article 6(4) through a strategic land-use plan system; reviewed strategic habitat compensation provision systems elsewhere in the world and identified lessons that can be applied to the UK; sought the opinions of key players involved in habitat compensation cases in the UK; and identified any shortcomings in the current spatial plan system in England that need to be addressed to allow it to better implement the compensatory measures requirements of Article 6(4). The study found the Article 6(4) compensation market is predominately restricted to two sectors in the UK: flood risk management and ports that currently lack a coherent spatial planning system that can operate on the timescales to be able to provide fully functioning habitat compensation before damage. In the absence of such a system, the study suggests potential might exist in some form of integration with the flood risk management compensation market. The study concludes that further work is required to assess the feasibility of such a system.

 
Looking Forward

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BBOP Consultation Process

In May 2008, BBOP began an online public consultation process to gain feedback on material it expects to publish in early 2009. The draft BBOP Methodology Toolkit will provide optional methodologies and guidelines for biodiversity offset planners, including handbooks on the design and implementation of biodiversity offsets, and several associated issues papers. This draft material, as well as four consultation papers on technical aspects of biodiversity offset design have been posted for review at www.bbopconsultation.org. More than 250 people have registered to review the following documents. The consultation process will draw to a close soon, so please hurry to offer your comments on the following documents by September 12:

  • Site Selection/Landscape Level Planning

  • Biodiversity Offset Multipliers and Ratios

  • Draft BBOP Offset Implementation Handbook

  • Draft Impact Assessment and Biodiversity Offset Issues Paper

The papers themselves and information on how to participate in this process can be found at www.bbopconsultation.org.

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BBOP at IUCN World Conservation Congress

BBOP will host a workshop at the IUCN World Conservation Congress, in Barcelona on Thursday October 9, 2008 from 2:30pm until 4:00pm. This ‘Alliances’ workshop will engage participants in an interactive panel discussion on the potential opportunities and risks of biodiversity offsets; present an overview of the status of BBOP’s methodology toolkit, to be published in early 2009; discuss lessons learned to date and seek feedback on the future direction of the program. Please join us if you can in Room CCIB 131.

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Do you know of any news, meetings or publications relevant to biodiversity offsets? 
If you would like to share it with the BBOP Learning Network members, please contact the BBOP Secretariat at bbop@forest-trends.org 

Visit our website to learn more about the next Learning Network Event!

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