Volume 3 Issue 2: April 2008    
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About BBOP

The Business and Biodiversity Offset Program (BBOP) is a new partnership between companies, governments and conservation experts to explore biodiversity offsets.

Our vision and expectation is that biodiversity offsets will become a standard part of business practice for those companies with a significant impact on biodiversity.

Link to the BBOP website
About BBOP

Interested in a short overview of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Program? Check out our brochure HERE.

Visit our website to learn more about the next Learning Network Event!


Dear BBOP Learning Network,

Do you have time to read and comment on draft documents on biodiversity offsets?  In the coming months, the BBOP Secretariat and Advisory Committee members will be sharing a range of draft consultation papers for discussion and review.  Please keep an eye on the BBOP website for the schedule of consultation and how to receive the drafts and submit comments.

The first such document is listed here, and has been submitted as an Information Document for the 9th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity meeting in May. Click Here to Download.

It offers an overview of BBOP’s objectives and work plan for the coming year and the next phase of BBOP from 2009 onward.  The document also includes a set of draft principles on biodiversity offsets, an initial outline of the draft BBOP Toolkit including an introduction to the Offset Design Handbook, and fact sheets illustrating the progress of the BBOP pilot projects. Our aim is to solicit feedback from you and other stakeholders globally.  We are particularly interested in hearing your feedback on the BBOP Phase II Scope of Work (page 3) and the biodiversity offsets draft Principles (page 4-6).

BBOP will also develop a set of case studies of 'non BBOP pilot' biodiversity offsets over the coming year and we would welcome suggestions on any biodiversity offsets you think would make interesting case studies.

Please share your thoughts with us at:  bbop@forest-trends.org.

The BBOP Secretariat Team
(Kerry ten Kate, Assheton Carter, Ray Victurine, Patrick Maguire, Mahlette Betre, Paul Mitchell)



Recent BBOP News:

Recent Publications/News:

Looking Forward:


Catching Up: Conservation and Biodiversity Offsets in Alberta's Boreal Forest Calgary, Alberta, Canada (
February 2008 --

On February 11 – 12, 2008, a conservation and biodiversity offsets workshop was held in Calgary, Alberta. The goal of the workshop was to identify opportunities and actions needed to pilot biodiversity offsets in the Athabasca region of Alberta’s Boreal Forest. The workshop built on the report, ‘Catching Up: Conservation and Biodiversity Offsets in Alberta’s Boreal Forest’, which explores biodiversity offsets as a tool to address the impacts of industrial development for the Boreal Forest Natural Region. Dr. Assheton Carter, member of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Program Secretariat, participated on a panel which discussed international standards, best practices and implementation of voluntary biodiversity offsets. Joe Kieseker, from the BBOP Advisory Committee also attended the workshop and participated on a panel entitled ‘Blending landscape level planning with the mitigation hierarchy’. More details about this workshop can be found at: http://www.borealcanada.ca/workshops-biodiversity-e.php

Biodiversity Offsets and the CBD – SBSTTA13 Side Event, Rome Italy
February 2008 --

The Business and Biodiversity Offsets Program held a side event at the thirteenth meeting of Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA 13) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) on Tuesday, 19 February 2008. Members of the BBOP Advisory Committee gave short presentations and participated in open discussions on four main questions: What are biodiversity offsets and BBOP? Why would a company undertake a voluntary offset? How do you measure biodiversity losses by projects and gains by offsets? And finally, can landscape-level planning secure efficient, effective, and equitable biodiversity offsets? More details about the meeting can be found at: http://www.forest-trends.org/biodiversityoffsetprogram/ln_meetings.php

Biodiversity Offsets and the CBD – Engagement meeting with delegates, Rome Italy
February 2008 --

On February 23, BBOP Advisory Committee members met with national representatives to the CBD from Australia, Canada, France, Ghana, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, UK and USA for a Roundtable on Biodiversity Offsets in Rome, Italy.  This meeting reviewed emerging best practice on offsets and different models of policy frameworks to encourage offsets, and discussed a desirable outcome on offsets from COP-9. 

Meeting Photo

Biodiversity Offsets and the CBD – Engagement meeting with delegates – Left to right: Rachel Miller, Forest Trends; Juan Jose Dada, IFC; David Parkes, Department of Sustainability and the Environment in Victoria, Australia; Stuart Davey, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia; Kent Nnadozie of FAO; Alfred Oteng Yeboah, representing Ghana; Len Hirsch, Smithsonian Institution, USA; Amy Sweeting, a consultant working with the BBOP Secretariat, Kerry ten Kate, Forest Trends; Stuart Anstee, Rio Tinto; Mark Pizey, Solid Energy New Zealand; Ray Victurine, Wildlife Conservation Society

Recent BBOP News

New BBOP Secretariat Member

Ray Victurine, from the Wildlife Conservation Society, has joined the BBOP Secretariat. Ray has held the position of Director of Conservation Finance at WCS for the past five years.  Trained as a resource economist, Ray’s professional interests have focused on creating conservation opportunities as part of economic development objectives. To this end, Ray has worked on the creation of sustainable financing mechanisms for conservation and development in Latin America, Asia and Africa.  WCS’ mission is to save wildlife and wild lands through careful science, international conservation, education, and the management of the world’s largest system of urban wildlife parks. WCS activities change attitudes toward nature and help people imagine wildlife and humans living in sustainable interaction on both a local and a global scale.

New BBOP Advisory Committee member

Arthur Eijs will represent the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM) on the BBOP Advisory Committee. VROM focuses its biodiversity work on the sustainable use of ecosystem services in specific economic sectors (e.g. agriculture) and in specific regions of the Dutch territory, as well as on the design and implementation of economic instruments for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. In the recently published Dutch Biodiversity Policy Programme, biodiversity offsets are seen as an opportunity for delivering better biodiversity conservation outcomes. VROM is now setting up a work stream to develop an international financial instrument to compensate for the ‘biodiversity footprint’, on the basis of commodities’ consumption. Interested organizations and individuals are encouraged to join in this endeavor.

Recent Publication / News

Aligning Conservation Priorities across Taxa in Madagascar with High Resolution Planning Tools.
By C. Kremen, A. Cameron, A. Moilanen, S. J. Phillips, C. D. Thomas, H. Beentje, J. Dransfield, B. L. Fisher, F. Glaw, T. C. Good, G. J. Harper, R. J. Hijmans, D. C. Lees, E. Louis, Jr., R. A. Nussbaum, C. J. Raxworthy, A. Razafimpahanana, G. E. Schatz, M. Vences, D. R. Vieites, P. C. Wright, and M. L. Zjhra;
Science, Vol. 320, pp. 222 – 225, April 11 2008

In this article, scientists use techniques in species distribution and conservation planning to produce a quantitative conservation prioritization for a biodiversity hotspot with a degree of taxonomic breadth, geographic extent and spatial resolution that has not been done before (2315 species across all major taxa modeled at a resolution smaller than 1 km2). Using Madagascar, which is a globally recognized hotspot, the authors show that multitaxonomic rather than single taxon approaches are critical for identifying areas likely to promote the persistence of the most species which can be used to guide the establishment of protected areas.


Business.2010 - A newsletter on business and biodiversity by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
April 2008

The April edition of the CBD Secretariat’s Business 2010 Newsletter highlights recent developments in biodiversity offsets. Contributing authors include Kerry ten Kate, Director of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Program; and Advisory Committee members Stuart Anstee, Rio Tinto and Pierre Berner, Sherritt International. To view this newsletter please go to: http://www.cbd.int/business/newsletter.shtml


The Corporate Ecosystem Services Review: Guidelines for Identifying Business Risks & Opportunities Arising from Ecosystem Change
By Craig Hanson, John Finisdore, Janet Ranganathan, and Charles Iceland
World Resources Institute, March 11 2008

This publication is the result of a collaborative effort by World Resources Institute, the Meridian Institute, and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. In this publication, the authors describe the five steps for performing an Ecosystem Services Review: Selecting the scope; identifying priority ecosystem services; analyzing trends in priority services; identifying business risks and opportunities; and developing strategies. It also provides an analytical framework, case examples, and suggestions for each step in the process. It concludes by highlighting a number of tools and resources managers can use when conducting an Ecosystem Services Review, including a “dependence and impact assessment” spreadsheet, scientific reports, economic valuation approaches, and other issue-specific tools. This publication can be found at: www.wri.org/ecosystems/esr


Biodiversity Offsets in National (Brazil) and Regional (EU) Mandatory Arrangements: Towards an International Regime? - Draft Dissertation
By Luiz Gustavo Escorcio Bezerra

Luiz Bezerra, from University College London, has drafted a dissertation paper which is currently open for comment. The purpose of the paper is to (i) disseminate an understanding of biodiversity offsets; (ii) analyse Brazil’s national and the European Union’s regional frameworks for biodiversity offsets; and (iii) launch the debate of establishing an international regime for biodiversity offsets. After learning from EU and Brazilian experiences, this paper concludes that an internationally coordinated solution is needed, launching the debate on designing an international regime for biodiversity offsets, or of which biodiversity offsets form a part. However, it also warns that as negotiating international environmental agreements is a complex and time consuming process, it is crucial not to lose the focus on developing national and regional biodiversity offset mandatory arrangements, building on the lessons taken from the case studies analysed. A link to this article can be found at: http://www.forest-trends.org/biodiversityoffsetprogram/library/new/Dissertation Biodiversity Offsets LGB IUCN BBOP.doc


 Mitigation banking: Securing no net loss to biodiversity? A UK perspective
By William Latimer and David Hill
Planning, Practice & Research, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 155 – 175, May 2007

The authors of this paper examine the advantages and disadvantages of the US Mitigation Banking scheme, and how this approach can be applied in the UK. They describe how a mitigation bank is established by acquiring land for the creation, or enhancement and management, of habitats or ecosystems for a particular wildlife or environmental resource.  The asset is valued in terms of credits and where development results in unavoidable damage to an environmental or wildlife resource the damage can be mitigated by purchase of these credits. The authors believe there is a real opportunity in the UK to obtain much greater gains for biodiversity, landscape and nature conservation, through the implementation of a mechanism based on mitigation banking which allows funds to be aggregated from a range of development projects in order to implement habitat creation, restoration and enhancement, at large spatial scales.  They note, that given no formal system currently exists nationwide, in order for it to be successful the approach would have to rely on partnerships between financial institutions and land management or conservation agencies, with a role in the latter for both the non-governmental and statutory sectors.  A link to this article can be found at: http://www.forest-trends.org/biodiversityoffsetprogram/library/new/Latimer_mitigation_banking.doc

Looking Forward

BBOP at next IAIA meeting

BBOP has been invited to return to the International Association of Impact Assessment, which will be holding its annual meeting in Perth, Australia from 4-10 May 2008.  Susie Brownlie, an independent consultant and member of the BBOP Advisory Committee, is chairing and organizing a Theme Forum on Biodiversity Offsets.  The Theme Forum will be divided into two parts, the first will introduce offsets, describe tools being used to determine and measure biodiversity offsets, and look at the different approaches to building biodiversity offsets into policy and practice. The second part will be a panel discussion involving the audience, to address whether or not biodiversity offsets would in fact lead to more and better conservation - or erosion of biodiversity, and who should decide what would be a ’good enough’ offset. There will be contributions from BBOP Advisory Committee member David Parkes, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria; Brendan Allen, Australia Federal Government; Wildaliz de Jesus, Western Australia's EPA; and Russell Lagdon, Chevron.  More information on the event can be found at: http://www.iaia.org/iaiaconference/?p=Page&id=3


BBOP Consultation Process

Over the past year and half BBOP has worked with a wide range of stakeholders to develop an optional ‘toolkit’ of methodologies and guidelines for biodiversity offsets project planners. The draft Methodology Toolkit consists primarily of three handbooks on the design and implementation of biodiversity offsets, and several associated issues papers.  We would now like to begin a broader consultation process in order to gain feedback on this material from all interested parties.  This consultation process will include an on-line review of the core Toolkit content, as well as several meetings with key stakeholder groups.

The consultation process will conducted between May and October 2008.  Examples of documents that will be reviewed include:

  • The Biodiversity Offset Design Handbook
  • The Biodiversity Offset Implementation Handbook
  • The Biodiversity Offset Local Cost-Benefit Handbook, and;
  • Stakeholder Participation Issues Paper

More information on this process will be posted at:
http://www.forest-trends.org/biodiversityoffsetprogram/consultation.php or email us at:   bbop@forest-trends.org  



The ninth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 9) will take place in Bonn Germany, 19 – 30 May 2008.  BBOP will host a side event at this gathering (date to be finalized but likely to be lunchtime on Monday 26 May).  This side event is intended to bring experts experienced in biodiversity offset design together with CBD government delegates to explore the potential of biodiversity offsets.


Do you know of any news, meetings or publications relevant to biodiversity offsets? 
If you would like to share this with the BBOP Learning Network members, please contact the BBOP Secretariat at bbop@forest-trends.org 


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