BBOP Publications Library

Markets and Compensation for Global Infrastructure Development NEW!

Markets and Compensation for Global Infrastructure Development

State of Biodiversity Mitigation 2017

Genevieve Bennett, Melissa Gallant, Kerry ten Kate - Forest Trends’ Ecosystem Marketplace - November 2017

The last two decades have seen humankind go on the biggest infrastructure building spree in history. Around the world, new roads, dams, mines have rapidly proliferated, primarily in developing countries and often in wilderness areas with high biodiversity values and little management of...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Exec. Summary: Markets and Compensation for Global Infrastructure Development

Exec. Summary: Markets and Compensation for Global Infrastructure Development: State of Biodiversity Mitigation 2017

Genevieve Bennett, Melissa Gallant, Kerry ten Kate - Forest Trends’ Ecosystem Marketplace - November 2017
State of European Markets 2017 - Biodiversity Offsets and Compensation

State of European Markets 2017 - Biodiversity Offsets and Compensation

Genevieve Bennett, Ariadna Chavarria, Franziska Ruef, Alessandro Leonardi - Forest Trends’ Ecosystem Marketplace, ETIFOR - June 2017

This report summarises findings from a research study conducted during April through December 2016 gathering data on the size, scope, and direction of biodiversity offsets and compensation mechanisms in Europe. Our research scope included both European Union (EU) Member States and non-EU countries...

Exploring lessons learned from biodiversity offsetting markets in other countries that could inform appraisal of options for delivering offsets in England

Exploring lessons learned from biodiversity offsetting markets in other countries that could inform appraisal of options for delivering offsets in England

Final report to Defra (project code WC1098)

Guy Duke, Kerry ten Kate - Forest Trends - March 2016

The objective of this study was to gather evidence, from established offsetting markets in the US and Australia, through structured interviews and a limited review of literature, on (1) the range and extent of costs and benefits to developers arising from offsetting regimes, (2) the effects of...

BBOP Vision, Mission, Goals, Strategy, Plan

BBOP Vision, Mission, Goals, Strategy, Plan

- BBOP - January 2016

The Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP): planning policies and projects to achieve a net gain of biodiversity BBOP Vision, Mission, Goals, Strategy, Plan Approved by the BBOP Advisory Group and adopted by the Executive Committee on 20 January 2016...

Strengthening implementation of the mitigation hierarchy

Strengthening implementation of the mitigation hierarchy

managing biodiversity risk for conservation gains

- Cambridge Conservation Initiative - June 2015

The scale and pace of development is intensifying across the mining, oil & gas, agriculture, infrastructure, forestry and housing sectors. Such rapid and large scale expansion in commercial development threatens to irreversibly transform landscapes around the world, putting pressure on biodiversity...

Strengthening Implementation of the Mitigation Hierarchy

Strengthening Implementation of the Mitigation Hierarchy

Appendix (i) Case Study Reviews

- Cambridge Conservation Initiative - June 2015

...

Technical conditions for positive outcomes from biodiversity offsets

Technical conditions for positive outcomes from biodiversity offsets

An input paper for the IUCN Technical Study Group on Biodiversity Offsets

John Pilgrim, Jonathan Ekstrom - The Biodiversity Consultancy - November 2014

We assess the conditions under which biodiversity offsets benefit biodiversity and achieve no net loss, asking two key questions: i. Under what conditions do biodiversity offset approaches provide positive outcomes for biodiversity, irrespective of the concept of no net loss? ii. Under what...

Biodiversity Offsets: Policy options for governments

Biodiversity Offsets: Policy options for governments

An input paper for the IUCN Technical Study Group on Biodiversity Offsets

Kerry ten Kate, Michael Crowe - Forest Trends - November 2014

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the consideration of policy options by the IUCN Technical Study Group on biodiversity offsets and the subsequent Working Group, and to provide information more broadly to governments and their advisors. It is intended as a basic introduction to policy...

Biodiversity Offsets Technical Study Paper

Biodiversity Offsets Technical Study Paper

A report by the IUCN Biodiversity Offsets Technical Study Group

Kerry ten Kate, John Pilgrim - Forest Trends, The Biodiversity Consultancy - November 2014

Summary report of the IUCN Biodiversity Offsets Technical Study Group, examining how can IUCN support best practice in offsetting ...

Working towards NNL of Biodiversity and Beyond Ambatovy, Madagascar

Working towards NNL of Biodiversity and Beyond Ambatovy, Madagascar

A Case Study (2014)

Amrei von Hase, Andrew Cooke, Aristide Andrianarimisa, Rivolala Andriamparany, Vanessa Mass, Robin Mitchell, Kerry ten Kate - Forest Trends, Ambatovy, Wildlife Conservation Society - November 2014

Ambatovy joined the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP) in 2006 as a pilot project. In 2009, Ambatovy, together with BBOP, published a case study on the company’s biodiversity management and offset work up to that point (available at http://www.forest-trends.org/documents/fi...

Working towards NNL of Biodiversity and Beyond

Working towards NNL of Biodiversity and Beyond

Strongman Mine – A Case Study (2014)

Amrei von Hase - Forest Trends - November 2014

Solid Energy became a member of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP) and offered the Strongman Mine II as a pilot project in 2007. In 2009, Solid Energy together with BBOP published a case study on the biodiversity management and offset work undertaken at Strongman up to that...

Bruce McKenney - From Bandages to Blueprints

Bruce McKenney - From Bandages to Blueprints

Landscape planning and national mitigation systems

Bruce McKenney - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Woodley & Baker - Thameslink Programme

Woodley & Baker - Thameslink Programme

Delivering Network Rail's first net positive biodiversity offset

Amelia Woodley - Julia Baker - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Kerry ten Kate and Michael Crowe - Establishing a NNL System

Kerry ten Kate and Michael Crowe - Establishing a NNL System

Kerry ten Kate - Michael Crowe - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Kirsten Hund and Sally Johnson - Aggregated Biodiversity Offsets

Kirsten Hund and Sally Johnson - Aggregated Biodiversity Offsets

A roadmap for Liberia

Kirsten Hund - Sally Johnson - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Elizabeth Cooke - Conservation Covenants

Elizabeth Cooke - Conservation Covenants

Elizabeth Cooke - Law Commission for England and Wales - June 2014

Presentation at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit, 3 June 2014....

Will Armitage

Will Armitage

Will Armitage - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

David Lowe - Biodiversity Offsetting in Warwickshire, Coventry, & Solihull

David Lowe - Biodiversity Offsetting in Warwickshire, Coventry, & Solihull

David Lowe - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Andrew Cooke - Mining & No Net Loss in Madagascar

Andrew Cooke - Mining & No Net Loss in Madagascar

Andrew Cooke - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Bob Edmonds - Bardon Hill Quarry Extension

Bob Edmonds - Bardon Hill Quarry Extension

Bob Edmonds - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Wolfgang Wende & Marianne Darbi - Berlin Road Extension

Wolfgang Wende & Marianne Darbi - Berlin Road Extension

Wolfgang Wende - Marianne Darbi - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Fabien Quetier & Brice Quenouille - The CNM Project

Fabien Quetier & Brice Quenouille - The CNM Project

Fabien Quetier - Brice Quenouille - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

George Kelly - NNL On-The-Ground (2 examples in the US)

George Kelly - NNL On-The-Ground (2 examples in the US)

George Kelly - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

John Pilgrim & Kina Murphy - Oyu Tolgoi Mongolia Project

John Pilgrim & Kina Murphy - Oyu Tolgoi Mongolia Project

John Pilgrim - Kina Murphy - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Annelaure Wittmann - Biodiversity Offsets in France

Annelaure Wittmann - Biodiversity Offsets in France

Annelaure Wittmann - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

David Alvarez - Conservation Banking in Spain

David Alvarez - Conservation Banking in Spain

A route to no net loss

David Alvarez - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Erik von Zadelhoff - Setting Up a No Net Loss System in the Netherlands

Erik von Zadelhoff - Setting Up a No Net Loss System in the Netherlands

Erik von Zadelhoff - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Graham Tucker - Policy Options for an EU No Net Loss Initiative

Graham Tucker - Policy Options for an EU No Net Loss Initiative

Graham Tucker - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Marianne Darbi & Jorg Voss - Key Lessons from the 'Burgberg Zschaitz' Habitat Bank in Saxony

Marianne Darbi & Jorg Voss - Key Lessons from the 'Burgberg Zschaitz' Habitat Bank in Saxony

Marianne Darbi - Jorg Voss - June 2014

Key lessons from the 'Burgberg Zschaitz' habitat bank in Saxony...

George Kelly - Lessons Learned (20 Years of Practical Experience in the US)

George Kelly - Lessons Learned (20 Years of Practical Experience in the US)

George Kelly - June 2014

Presentations delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014....

Jeff Manuel - Biodiversity Offsets Policy in South Africa

Jeff Manuel - Biodiversity Offsets Policy in South Africa

Jeff Manuel - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Mariana Sarmiento - Towards Habitat Banking in Colombia

Mariana Sarmiento - Towards Habitat Banking in Colombia

Feasibility Study and Pilot Project

Mariana Sarmiento - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Martin Szaramowicz

Martin Szaramowicz

Martin Szaramowicz - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Michael Crowe - Implementation Readiness

Michael Crowe - Implementation Readiness

Michael Crowe - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Colin Scott - Coastal Challenges and Opportunities

Colin Scott - Coastal Challenges and Opportunities

Colin Scott - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Gavin Lee - Weda Bay

Gavin Lee - Weda Bay

Gavin Lee - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Natalia Arango & Padu Franco - Gramalote Project, Colombia

Natalia Arango & Padu Franco - Gramalote Project, Colombia

Natalia Arango - Padu Franco - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Anders Enetjarn - Ume Delta River Railway

Anders Enetjarn - Ume Delta River Railway

Anders Enetjarn - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Claire Wansbury

Claire Wansbury

Claire Wansbury - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Helen Nyul

Helen Nyul

Helen Nyul - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Stina Eriksson - Compensation Outline Openpit Mining in Sweden

Stina Eriksson - Compensation Outline Openpit Mining in Sweden

Stina Eriksson - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 3 June 2014. ...

Eva Zabey & Panel - Safeguards and Tools

Eva Zabey & Panel - Safeguards and Tools

Eva Zabey & Panel - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Courtney Lowrance & Gertjan Roseboom - Timeline Tool

Courtney Lowrance & Gertjan Roseboom - Timeline Tool

Courtney Lowrance - Gertjan Roseboom - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Kerry ten Kate & Amrei von Hase - The BBOP Standard on Biodiversity Offsets

Kerry ten Kate & Amrei von Hase - The BBOP Standard on Biodiversity Offsets

Kerry ten Kate - Amrei von Hase - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Rachel Asante-Owusu - IUCN's Triple Helix and Knowledge Products

Rachel Asante-Owusu - IUCN's Triple Helix and Knowledge Products

Rachel Asante-Owusu - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

George Kelly - Implementation Mechanisms

George Kelly - Implementation Mechanisms

George Kelly - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Luis Bernardo Honwana - Offsets & Conservation Trust Funds in Mozambique

Luis Bernardo Honwana - Offsets & Conservation Trust Funds in Mozambique

Luis Bernardo Honwana - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Michael Crowe - Management Agreements

Michael Crowe - Management Agreements

Michael Crowe - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Alice Alexandre - LIFE Certifications

Alice Alexandre - LIFE Certifications

Alice Alexandre - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Derek Melton - Challenges for Impact Assessment Practitioners

Derek Melton - Challenges for Impact Assessment Practitioners

Derek Melton - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Jo Treweek - Experience with Mitigation Including Offsets

Jo Treweek - Experience with Mitigation Including Offsets

Jo Treweek - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

John Pilgrim - IUCN Technical Study Group on Biodiversity Offsets

John Pilgrim - IUCN Technical Study Group on Biodiversity Offsets

John Pilgrim - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Susie Brownlie - Challenges for Impact Assessment Practitioners

Susie Brownlie - Challenges for Impact Assessment Practitioners

Susie Brownlie - June 2014

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

No Net Loss - Opening Slides

No Net Loss - Opening Slides

Presentation delivered at the 'To No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Beyond' Summit on 4 June 2014. ...

Gradsect theory and practice in biodiversity assessment

Gradsect theory and practice in biodiversity assessment

Dr. Andy Gillison - Center for Biodiversity Management - March 2014

Introduction to Gradsect theory, an improved way of sampling biodiversity information baseline data, and its application to biodiversity offsets....

Importance of Baseline Specification in Evaluating Conservation Interventions and Achieving No Net Loss of Biodiversity

Importance of Baseline Specification in Evaluating Conservation Interventions and Achieving No Net Loss of Biodiversity

Joseph W. Bull, A Gordon, E. A. Law, K.B. Suttle, E. J. Milner-Gulland - Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University, Melbourne, Environmental Decisions Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Department of Life Sciences & Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London - February 2014

There is an urgent need to improve the evaluation of conservation interventions. This requires specifying an objective and a frame of reference from which to measure performance. Reference frames can be baselines (i.e., known biodiversity at a fixed point in history) or counterfactuals (i.e., a...

Policy Options for an EU No Net Loss Initiative

Policy Options for an EU No Net Loss Initiative

Report to the European Commission.

Tucker, Graham, Allen, Ben, Conway, Mavourneen, Dickie,Ian, Hart, Kaley, Rayment, Matt, Schulp, Catharina, van Teeffelen, Astrid - January 2014

Tucker, Graham; Allen, Ben; Conway, Mavourneen; Dickie, Ian; Hart, Kaley; Rayment, Matt; Schulp, Catharina; van Teeffelen, Astrid (2013) Policy Options for an EU No Net Loss Initiative. Report to the European Commission. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London....

BBOP Standard (Japanese Translation)

BBOP Standard (Japanese Translation)

- BBOP - November 2013

...

Conservation when nothing stands still: moving targets and biodiversity offsets

Conservation when nothing stands still: moving targets and biodiversity offsets

Joseph Bull, Kenwyn B Suttle, Navinder J Singh, EJ Milner-Gulland - Imperial College London - April 2013

Conservation is particularly difficult to implement for “moving targets”, such as migratory species or landscapes subject to environmental change. traditional conservation strategies involving static tools (eg protected areas that have fixed spatial boundaries) may be ineffective for managing...

Biodiversity Offsets and the Challenge of Achieving No Net Loss

Biodiversity Offsets and the Challenge of Achieving No Net Loss

Toby Gardner, Amrei von Hase - International Institute for Sustainability, Forest Trends - April 2013

Businesses, governments, and financial institutions are increasingly adopting a policy of no net loss of biodiversity for development activities. The goal of no net loss is intended to help relieve tension between conservation and development by enabling economic gains to be achieved without...

Biodiversity offsets in theory and practice

Biodiversity offsets in theory and practice

Joseph Bull - Imperial College London - March 2013

Biodiversity offsets are an increasingly popular yet controversial tool in conservation. Their popularity lies in their potential to meet the objectives of biodiversity conservation and of economic development in tandem; the controversy lies in the need to accept ecological losses in return for...

Realising nature’s value

Realising nature’s value

The Final Report of the Ecosystem Markets Task Force

- Ecosystem Markets Task Force - March 2013

The Ecosystem Markets Task Force: introduction The Ecosystem Markets Task Force is a practical, business led review of the business opportunities that arise from valuing nature correctly. The work of the Task Force is a key commitment in the Government’s Natural Environment White Paper, ‘The...

Standard sur les offset de biodiversité

Standard sur les offset de biodiversité

(French Translation of BBOP Standard)

- BBOP - February 2013

...

Estándar sobre compensaciones por perdida de Biodiversidad

Estándar sobre compensaciones por perdida de Biodiversidad

- BBOP - February 2013

Spanish translation of BBOP Standard ...

To No Net Loss and Beyond

To No Net Loss and Beyond

An Overview of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP)

BBOP - January 2013

This updated Overview document with its Principles on Biodiversity Offsets, introduction to the Standard on Biodiversity Offsets, and the accompanying supporting materials have been prepared by the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP). Its aim is to help developers, conservation...

Exploring potential demand for and supply of habitat banking in the EU and appropriate design elements for a habitat banking scheme

Exploring potential demand for and supply of habitat banking in the EU and appropriate design elements for a habitat banking scheme

Matt Rayment - ICF GHK Consulting - January 2013

This report presents the findings of a research project undertaken by GHK Consulting Ltd (ICF GHK) and BIO Intelligence Service (BIO IS) for DG Environment to explore potential demand for and supply of habitat banking in the EU, and appropriate design elements for a habitat banking scheme. The...

BBOP Standard (Portuguese Translation)

BBOP Standard (Portuguese Translation)

- BBOP - December 2012

Portuguese Translation of BBOP Standard...

Biodiversity Offsets – A Further Update On The Law

Biodiversity Offsets – A Further Update On The Law

Mark Christensen - Anderson Lloyd Lawyers - November 2012

An update on developments related to biodiversity offsets and environmental compensation in New Zealand. The author examines a number of key issues, previously the subject of considerable debate, now characterized as appearing to have been settled, through the decisions taken by the Environment...

Compensating for damage to biodiversity

Compensating for damage to biodiversity

An international benchmarking study

Delphine Morandeau, Delphine Vilaysack - August 2012

This study by the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDE) examines the implementation of offsets globally, identifying best practices in order to inform the French regulatory and methodological framework on offsets. To do this, 29 countries were surveyed (Argentina,...

Compensating for damage to biodiversity

Compensating for damage to biodiversity

the American experience of wetlands banks

Céline Jeandel, Delphine Morandeau - August 2012

Review of the US experience with wetlands banking...

La compensation des atteintes à la biodiversité à l’étranger

La compensation des atteintes à la biodiversité à l’étranger

Delphine Morandeau, Delphine Vilaysack - August 2012

French language version: This study by the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDE) examines the implementation of offsets globally, identifying best practices in order to inform the French regulatory and methodological framework on offsets. To do this, 29 countries...

Executive Summary of BBOP Standard, Technical Handbooks and Resource Papers

Executive Summary of BBOP Standard, Technical Handbooks and Resource Papers

- BBOP - July 2012

This document provides a brief summary of the core documents developed by BBOP and an overview of how they relate to each other. Documents summarized include the BBOP Standard on Biodiversity Offsets, its accompanying Guidance Notes, and supporting materials such as the Handbooks on offset design,...

BBOP Glossary

BBOP Glossary

2012 Update

- BBOP - June 2012

A glossary of terms related to biodiversity offsets and the mitigation hierarchy, with particular reference to the BBOP approach and materials. ...

Biodiversity Offset Design Handbook

Biodiversity Offset Design Handbook

2012 Update

- BBOP - June 2012

The updated Offset Design Handbook presents information on a range of issues, approaches, methodologies and possible tools from which offset planners can select the approaches best suited to their individual circumstances when designing a biodiversity offset. It describes a generic process that...

Key ingredients for Biodiversity Offsets to Achieve No Net Loss

Key ingredients for Biodiversity Offsets to Achieve No Net Loss

Dr. Amrei von Hase, Dr. Toby Gardner - June 2012

To ensure that offsets contribute effectively towards reconciling development and conservation and achieving no net loss of biodiversity, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the key ingredients are for meeting this goal. This guidance document reviews the key conditions and...

Faustian bargains?

Faustian bargains?

Restoration realities in the context of biodiversity offset policies

Martine Maron, et al - The University of Queensland - June 2012

The science and practice of ecological restoration are increasingly being called upon to compensate for the loss of biodiversity values caused by development projects. Biodiversity offsetting—compensating for losses of biodiversity at an impact site by generating ecologically equivalent gains...

Biodiversity offsets: relative offsetability of impacts.

Biodiversity offsets: relative offsetability of impacts.

Unpublished report to the New Zealand Department of Conservation. The Biodiversity Consultancy Ltd.: Cambridge, UK.

- The Biodiversity Consultancy - June 2012

This report has been prepared for the Biodiversity Offset Program (BOP) of the New Zealand Department of Conservation to help advance offset thinking in New Zealand and as a contribution to the Business and Biodiversity Offset Programme1, of which BOP is a member. Given the pioneering nature of...

Forecasting the path towards a Net Positive Impact on biodiversity for Rio Tinto QMM

Forecasting the path towards a Net Positive Impact on biodiversity for Rio Tinto QMM

Helen Temple, Stuart Anstee, Jon Ekstrom, John D Pilgrim, J. Rabenantoandro, J-B. Ramanamanjato, F. Randriatafika , M. Vincelette - The Biodiversity Consultancy, Rio Tinto - June 2012

Rio Tinto is committed to achieving a Net Positive Impact (NPI) on biodiversity at sites where it operates, a strategy launched at the 2004 IUCN World Conservation Congress and reinforced at the 2008 Congress (Rio Tinto, 2008a). The Rio Tinto ilmenite mine in the Fort Dauphin region of...

Resource Paper: No Net Loss and Loss-Gain Calculations in Biodiversity Offsets

Resource Paper: No Net Loss and Loss-Gain Calculations in Biodiversity Offsets

Toby Gardner, Amrei von Hase - BBOP - March 2012

This document is one of two Resource Papers (the other is on Limits to What Can Be Offset) written to update and complement information already published in the Offset Design Handbook (BBOP, 2009) and to support the interpretation and understanding of the Principles, Criteria and Indicators being...

Resource Paper: Limits to What Can Be Offset

Resource Paper: Limits to What Can Be Offset

Amrei von Hase - BBOP - March 2012

This document is one of two Resource Papers (the other being on No Net Loss) written to update information published in the BBOP Offset Design Handbook (2009) and to support the interpretation and understanding of the Principles, and of the Criteria and Indicators developed for the BBOP Standard on...

The Role of Monitoring and Compliance in Securing Better Biodiversity Outcomes through Offsetting Arrangements

The Role of Monitoring and Compliance in Securing Better Biodiversity Outcomes through Offsetting Arrangements

Dr Matt Baber - Tonkin & Taylor - February 2012

This report investigates the role of monitoring and compliance in securing better conservation outcomes through biodiversity offsetting arrangements under the Resource Management Act. The report provides: * an overview of the resource consent monitoring purpose and process under the RMA; * an...

Standard on Biodiversity Offsets

Standard on Biodiversity Offsets

BBOP - January 2012

This Standard on Biodiversity Offsets has been prepared by the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP) to help auditors, developers, conservation groups, communities, governments and financial institutions that wish to assess biodiversity offsets against the BBOP Principles, Criteria and...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

A Case for Biodiversity Offsets in India

A Case for Biodiversity Offsets in India

from Biodiversity Risk to Competitive Advantage

Divya Narain - November 2011

As the Indian economy is moving up the growth curve, the country’s biodiversity is taking a beating. Even though legislation is in place to regulate and compensate for diversion of forests for non-forest uses, diversion and the resultant biodiversity loss continue unabated. The regulatory...

Where is the avoidance in the implementation of wetland law and policy?

Where is the avoidance in the implementation of wetland law and policy?

Shari Clare , Naomi Krogman, Lee Foote, Nathan Lemphers - January 2011

Abstract Many jurisdictions in North America use a ‘‘mitigation sequence’’ to protect wetlands: First, avoid impacts; second, minimize unavoidable impacts; and third, compensate for irreducible impacts through the use of wetland restoration, enhancement, creation, or protection. Despite the...

Biodiversity Offsets

Biodiversity Offsets

Testing a Possible Method for Measuring Biodiversity Losses and Gains at Bardon Hill Quarry, UK

Helen Temple, Bob Edmonds, Bill Butcher, Jo Treweek - The Biodiversity Consultancy, SLR Consulting, Treweek Environmental Consultants - December 2010

Introduction Biodiversity offsets can be defined as ‘measurable conservation outcomes resulting from actions designed to compensate for significant residual adverse biodiversity impacts arising from project development after appropriate prevention and mitigation measures have been taken’...

Biodiversity Offsets: Policy Options for Government

Biodiversity Offsets: Policy Options for Government

Michael Crowe, Kerry ten Kate - October 2010

This paper draws on the experience of governments that have already developed and implemented biodiversity offsetting policies. It also takes into account the practical experience of businesses in putting offsets into place on a voluntary basis, including those undertaken in collaboration with BBOP...

State of Biodiversity Markets

State of Biodiversity Markets

Offset and Compensation Programs Worldwide

Madsen, Becca, Moore Brands, Kelly - Carroll, Nathaniel - April 2010

This report provides the status and trends of biodiversity offset and compensatory mitigation programs by geographical region. In each section, the report summarizes the total active programs and developing activities, and broad metrics like total known payments and land area protected or restored....

Les mesures compensatoires des atteintes à la biodiversité

Les mesures compensatoires des atteintes à la biodiversité

Compensatory measures for impacts on biodiversity

Delphine MORANDEAU - Jean PLATEAU - April 2010

Delphine Morandeau and Jean Plateau from the Ministère de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie, du Développement durable et de la Mer - En charge des Technologies vertes et des négociations sur le climat, presented to the working group on “Infrastructure and sustainable development” on April 15, 2010. The...

Biodiversity offsets and the mitigation hierarchy: a review of current application in the banking sector

Biodiversity offsets and the mitigation hierarchy: a review of current application in the banking sector

A study completed on behalf of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme and the UNEP Finance Initiative by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

This study was jointly commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) and the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP), to explore the following themes: ● Familiarity and awareness among the financial sector of the biodiversity mitigation...

Loss-Gain calculations in German Impact Mitigation Regulation

Loss-Gain calculations in German Impact Mitigation Regulation

MARIANNE DARBI - CHRISTIAN TAUSCH - March 2010

As a result of more than 30 years practice German IMR is a compensation approach which is outstanding due to its comprehensive character and the broad scientific base and discussion. One of the core issues of this discussion has - since the beginning - been the debate on appropriate balancing and...

THE USE OF MARKET-BASED INSTRUMENTS FOR BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION – THE CASE OF HABITAT BANKING

THE USE OF MARKET-BASED INSTRUMENTS FOR BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION – THE CASE OF HABITAT BANKING

Technical Report for European Commission DG Environment

eftec, IEEP et.al (2010) - February 2010

This research project examined the potential use of habitat banking in the EU as an economic instrument for biodiversity protection. This report identifies a range of information and experience with habitat banking from around the world, from economic theory and provides an institutional...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action

Government of Australia - May 2009

An estimated 66% of Victoria’s native vegetation has been cleared as a result growth and economic development of State. Of the remaining 34% it is estimated that 7.4 million hectares are located public land and approximately 1.1 million hectares are found on private land....

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex III

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex III

European Union - May 2009

Assessment at national level of the relative importance of sites for each natural habitat type in Annex I and each species in Annex II (including priority naturalhabitat types and priority species)....

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex IV

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex IV

European Union - May 2009

The species listed in this Annex are indicated: by the name of species or subspecies, or by the body of species belonging to a higher taxon or to a designated part of that taxon....

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex V

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex V

European Union - May 2009

The species listed in this Annex are indicated: by the name of the species or subspecies, or by the body of species belonging to a higher taxon or to a designated part of that taxon....

Integrating Biodiversity Conservation into Oil and Gas Development

Integrating Biodiversity Conservation into Oil and Gas Development

The Energy and Biodiversity Institute - May 2009

Increasingly, areas of interest for oil and gas development are also being recognized and valued for their biodiversity resources. Biodiversity, the complex web of genes, species, ecosystems and ecological processes that sustain life on Earth, provides human society with food, medicines, natural...

Biodiversity Offsets and Stakeholder Participation

Biodiversity Offsets and Stakeholder Participation

BBOP - May 2009

This Resource Paper was prepared by the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP) to help developers, conservation groups, communities, governments and financial institutions that wish to consider and develop best practice related to biodiversity offsets. It provides information on...

The Relationship between Biodiversity Offsets and Impact Assessment

The Relationship between Biodiversity Offsets and Impact Assessment

BBOP - May 2009

This Resource Paper was prepared by the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP) to help developers, conservation groups, communities, governments and financial institutions that wish to consider and develop best practice related to biodiversity offsets. It offers information on how to...

Biodiversity Offset Implementation Handbook

Biodiversity Offset Implementation Handbook

- BBOP - May 2009

The success of a biodiversity offset will depend on ensuring that an effective institutional and management structure is in place; that financial flows are sufficient; and that systems are in place to ensure that the offset objectives are achieved. This Handbook assumes that the nature of...

Biodiversity Offset Cost-Benefit Handbook

Biodiversity Offset Cost-Benefit Handbook

- BBOP - May 2009

To be successful, biodiversity offsets should compensate indigenous peoples, local communities and other local stakeholders for any residual impacts of the project on their biodiversity based livelihoods and amenity. They also need to deliver the required conservation gains without making local...

BBOP Glossary Phase 1

BBOP Glossary Phase 1

A glossary of terms relating to biodiversity offsets, as published in May 2009. This document will be replaced by an updated version in March 2012....

Ambatovy Case Study - 2009

Ambatovy Case Study - 2009

Pierre O Berner, Steven Dickinson, Aristide Andrianarimisa - Ambatovy, Golder Associates, Wildlife Conservation Society - May 2009

A case study of the Ambatovy project biodiversity offset in Madagascar. Published in May 2009....

Bainbridge Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Bainbridge Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Case study of the BBOP pilot biodiversity offset work on Bainbridge Island, Washington, US. Published in 2009....

Ango American Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Ango American Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Case study of the AngloAmerican BBOP pilot biodiversity offset in South Africa. Published in 2009....

Newmont Mining Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Newmont Mining Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Case study of Newmont Mining BBOP pilot biodiversity offset at the Akyem gold mine, Ghana. Published in 2009....

Non-BBOP Compensatory Conservation Case Studies - 2009

Non-BBOP Compensatory Conservation Case Studies - 2009

Susie Brownlie - BBOP - May 2009

A summary of non-BBOP biodiversity offset case studies. Published in 2009....

Solid Energy New Zealand Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Solid Energy New Zealand Biodiversity Offset Case Study - 2009

Case study of Solid Energy New Zealand BBOP pilot biodiversity offset at the Strongman coal mine, South Island, New Zealand. Published in 2009....

BBOP Overview - 2009

BBOP Overview - 2009

- BBOP - May 2009

An overview of BBOP and the concept of biodiversity offsets, published in 2009. The document accompanied the publication of a broad set of guidance, including handbooks on offset design and implementation, issues papers, case studies and a glossary of terms. This overview presents the vision,...

Biodiversity Offset Design Handbook - 2009

Biodiversity Offset Design Handbook - 2009

- BBOP - May 2009

The Offset Design Handbook presents information on a range of issues, approaches, methodologies and possible tools from which offset planners can select the approaches best suited to their individual circumstances when designing a biodiversity offset. It describes a generic process that offset...

Biodiversity Offset Design Handbook Appendicies - 2009

Biodiversity Offset Design Handbook Appendicies - 2009

- BBOP - May 2009

This companion volume of Appendices to the BBOP Offset Design Handbook offers readers a summary of a sample of methodologies relevant to biodiversity offsets and some references on them for further reading. Some approaches are required or recommended by government policies; some are the subject of...

Beyond Carbon

Beyond Carbon

Biodiversity and Water Markets

- Ecosystem Marketplace - April 2009

It is widely acknowledged that well-functioning ecosystems provide reliable and clean flows of water, productive soils, healthy and balanced biota, and many other services for human well-being. It is also widely documented that today many ecosystems and the services they provide are under...

Scoping Study for the Design and Use of Biodiversity Offsets in an English Context

Scoping Study for the Design and Use of Biodiversity Offsets in an English Context

Final Report to Defra

Treweek et al. 2009 - April 2009

In 2007, the UK’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) identified the need to explore new policy options, including market creation in biodiversity or incentives for biodiversity “such as biodiversity offsets”, particularly to reduce rates of loss of non-designated sites and...

International Approaches to Compensation for Impacts on Biological Diversity

International Approaches to Compensation for Impacts on Biological Diversity

International Approaches to Compensation for Impacts on Biological Diversity

- Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development and Berlin University of Technology - 2009

The starting point of this research project is the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Through the ratification of the CBD, member countries have made a commitment to support the conservation of biological diversity. In the sixth Environment Action Programme 2001 – 2010 (“Our Future, Our...

EU Habitat Directive and Habitat Compensation, MSc Dissertation

EU Habitat Directive and Habitat Compensation, MSc Dissertation

Andrew Dodd - MSc in Spatial Planning - 2009

The Natura 2000 network comprises protected areas designated under the EC Birds and Habitats Directives. Articles 6(3) and 6(4) of the Habitats Directive establish a robust system of protection for Natura 2000 sites, only allowing damage from plans or projects in exceptional circumstances. Where...

Local Business for Global Biodiversity Conservation

Local Business for Global Biodiversity Conservation

Andrew Bovarnick, Ajay Gupta - United Nations Development Programme - 2009

...

Mitigation Banking: Securing No Net Loss to Biodiversity?

Mitigation Banking: Securing No Net Loss to Biodiversity?

William Hill, David Hill - Latimer - 2009

Environmental advisors and planners are frequently confronted with the issue of ecological mitigation for losses due to development, the uncertainty over whether the proposed compensation is adequate and how the mitigation will function over time. The advantages of acquiring and retaining land...

Balancing Biodiversity’: A Global Instrument for Meeting the 2010 Biodiversity Target

Balancing Biodiversity’: A Global Instrument for Meeting the 2010 Biodiversity Target

Annah L. Peterson , Chloe Hill, Louise A. Gallagher - 2009

Radically heightened extinction rates over the past 50 years have prompted the Convention on Biological Diversity to adopt the ‘2010 biodiversity target,’ which aims to significantly reduce global biodiversity loss by 2010. Despite the establishment of this ambitious goal, few policies have proven...

BBOP Draft Consultation Paper for CBD COP9

BBOP Draft Consultation Paper for CBD COP9

- BBOP Secretariat - 2009

There is a tremendous opportunity today to secure biodiversity conservation and business benefits through the appropriate use of biodiversity offsets. Many companies are actively seeking partnerships with governments and conservation groups to address the environmental impacts of their activities...

Integrating invasive mammal eradications and biodiversity offsets for fisheries bycatch: conservation opportunities and challenges for seabirds and sea turtles

Integrating invasive mammal eradications and biodiversity offsets for fisheries bycatch: conservation opportunities and challenges for seabirds and sea turtles

C. Josh Donlan, Chris Wilcox - Biol Invasions - 2009

The removal of invasive mammals from islands is one of society’s most powerful tools for preventing extinctions and restoring ecosystems. Given the demonstrable high conservation impact and return on investment of eradications, new networks are needed to fully leverage invasive mammal...

Compensatory mitigation as a solution to fisheries bycatch-biodiversity conservation conflicts

Compensatory mitigation as a solution to fisheries bycatch-biodiversity conservation conflicts

Chris Wilcox, C. Josh Donlan - The Ecological Society of America - 2009

Globally, fisheries catch of non-target species has major environmental impacts, resulting in social conflict, litigation, and fisheries closures. We use a bio-economic approach to demonstrate that compensatory mitigation – an innovative, market-influenced approach to fishery–conservation...

Inegrating economic costs into conservation planning

Inegrating economic costs into conservation planning

Robin Naidoo, Andrew Balmford, Paul J. Ferraro, Stephen Polasky, Taylor H. Ricketts, Mathieu Rouget - Conservation Science Program,, Conservation Science Group, Department of Economics, Department of Applied Economics, Conservation Science Program, South African National Biodiversity Institute - 2009

Recent studies that incorporate the spatial distributions of biological benefits and economic costs in conservation planning have shown that limited budgets can achieve substantially larger biological gains than when planning ignores costs. Despite concern from donors about the effectiveness of...

Biodiversity Trading: Protecting our Unique Biodiversity

Biodiversity Trading: Protecting our Unique Biodiversity

Government of Australia - 2009

Biodiversity – the array of plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain and the functions they perform – sustains our ecosystems. The inter-dependence of all the components of biodiversity provides balance and stability to our life support systems....

Submission by the Government of Australia : (Decision VII/18 of the Seventh Conference of the Parties: Incentive Measures)

Submission by the Government of Australia : (Decision VII/18 of the Seventh Conference of the Parties: Incentive Measures)

Government of Australia - 2009

The case studies in this paper are provided in response to the invitation to Parties and governments to submit information on the removal or mitigation of perverse incentives, as requested in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Decision VII/18 of the Seventh Conference of the Parties:...

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action – Summary Brochure 1

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action – Summary Brochure 1

Government of Australia - 2009

The need for a consistent approach to native vegetation management and retention across the State and support for Local Government during the introduction of the Framework, were issues repeatedly highlighted by submissions to the draft document. In recognition of this feedback and the technical...

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action – Summary Brochure 2

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action – Summary Brochure 2

Government of Australia - 2009

The National Land and Water Resources Audit’s ‘Australian Native Vegetation Assessment 2001’ provides an analysis of clearing across Australia. Five of the 85 bioregions (areas with similar characteristics of landscape and native plant and animal types) in Australia have less than 30% of pre-1750...

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action – Summary Brochure 3

Victoria 's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action – Summary Brochure 3

Government of Australia - 2009

While the Framework sets a new standard for future management, significant work has occurred over the last 10 years. Our farmers and land managers have been at the forefront of Victoria’s native vegetation management efforts. Through the Landcare, Land for Wildlife, Bushcare and salinity programs...

Structuring Environmental Offsets for a Sustainable Advantage

Structuring Environmental Offsets for a Sustainable Advantage

Tony van Merwyk, Simmon Daddo - 2009

Formal offsets policy in many jurisdictions now provides that the environment will gain (or suffer no net loss) from a proposal even if the proposal will result in “acceptable” adverse environment impacts. In order for a proposal that will have impacts (even after all usual mitigatory measures...

Report from the Commission on the Implementation of the Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora – Composite Report on Overall Progress Achieved

Report from the Commission on the Implementation of the Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora – Composite Report on Overall Progress Achieved

European Union - 2009

Biological diversity, essential for the maintenance of life on Earth, is being lost on a global level at a rate higher than at any other time in the past, according to the UNEP’s Global Biodiversity Assessment. The same document states that in some EU Member States up to 24% of the species of...

A Representative Sample of all Biodiversity Pattern

A Representative Sample of all Biodiversity Pattern

Kristal Maze - 2009

We need to conserve a representative sample of all biodiversity pattern (representation), ecological processes (persistence), and critical natural capital values....

New Regulations could mean Big Business for US Mitigation Bankers?

New Regulations could mean Big Business for US Mitigation Bankers?

Ricardo Bayon - 2009

John Ryan, the President of Land and Water Resources Inc. in Chicago, Illinois, is the perfect example of how environmental markets are transforming the way people do business in the US. In Ryan's particular case, not only has his business been radically transformed, but so has his life, his...

Federal Water Pollution Control Act

Federal Water Pollution Control Act

Government of the United States - 2009

A program of ecosystem assessment assisting in the development of (i) baseline studies which determine the state of estuarine zones and the effects of natural and anthropogenic changes, and (ii) predictive models capable of translating information on specific discharges or general pollutant...

 	  Making Environmental Markets Work: Lessons from Early Experience with Sulphur , Carbon, Wetlands and Other Related Markets

Making Environmental Markets Work: Lessons from Early Experience with Sulphur , Carbon, Wetlands and Other Related Markets

Ricardo Bayon - 2009

Ever since the passage of the 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air act and the creation of a market in sulfur dioxide (SO2), it has become clear that market mechanisms can be effectively used to achieve environmental policies. But markets are neither infallible nor automatic. They have...

Darwin Initiative Logical Framework

Darwin Initiative Logical Framework

Kerry ten Kate - 2009

The Logical Framework is a management tool that aims to promote good project design and execution by clearly stating the key components, how the project is expected to work, and how success will be measured. It ensures that the whole project process is considered before the work begins thereby...

Biodiversity Offsets in National (Brazil) and Regional (EU) Mandatory Arrangements: Towards an International Regime?

Biodiversity Offsets in National (Brazil) and Regional (EU) Mandatory Arrangements: Towards an International Regime?

Luiz Gustavo Escorcio Bezerra - May 2007

Biodiversity is essential to maintaining the biosphere in a condition which supports human and other lives. The 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg recognised the urgency of action against biodiversity loss. Biodiversity offset is a mechanism aiming to achieve no...

Mapping the Economic Costs and Benefits of Conservation

Mapping the Economic Costs and Benefits of Conservation

Robin Naidoo, Taylor H. Ricketts - November 2006

Resources for biodiversity conservation are severely limited, requiring strategic investment. Understanding both the economic benefits and costs of conserving ecosystems will help to allocate scarce dollars most efficiently. However, although cost-benefit analyses are common in many areas of...

Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options

Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options

- Food and Agriculture Organization - 2006

A new report from FAO says livestock production is one of the major causes of the world's most pressing environmental problems, including global warming, land degradation, air and water pollution, and loss of biodiversity. Using a methodology that considers the entire commodity chain, it estimates...

Poverty, Development, and Biodiversity Conservation: Shooting in the Dark?

Poverty, Development, and Biodiversity Conservation: Shooting in the Dark?

Agun Agrawal, Kent Redford - 2006

Poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation are basic social goals and part of the policy agenda of postcolonial states and international agencies. It is not surprising therefore that a large number of programmatic interventions have aimed to achieve the two goals at the same time. These...

Natural Alliances between Conservationists and Indigenous Peoples

Natural Alliances between Conservationists and Indigenous Peoples

Michael Painter, Kent Redford - WCS - 2006

The survival of both indigenous peoples and much of what remains of nature lies in the ability of both sides to find common ground. However, parks and protected areas have become the focus of conflict between conservationists and indigenous peoples. This antipathy is based on differing views about...

Biodiversity Offset Case Study:Compañía Minera Antamina’s Polylepis Initiative

Biodiversity Offset Case Study:Compañía Minera Antamina’s Polylepis Initiative

Biodiversity Neutral Initiative (BNI) - 2006

The objective of this case study is to demonstrate an evaluation method for voluntary biodiversity offsets. We focus on the Antamina mine, operated by Compañía Minera Antamina S.A. (ANTAMINA). The Antamina mine is among the world’s largest copper and zinc mines, and is located in the Andean...

Biodiversity Certification and Banking in Coastal and Growth Areas

Biodiversity Certification and Banking in Coastal and Growth Areas

State of New South Wales, Department of Environment and Conservation - July 2005

Australia is facing unprecedented challenges in conserving its unique biological wealth. In NSW we have been on a path of continued biodiversity loss for many years. Around 80 species of native plants and animals have become extinct in this state over the past two centuries with 1000 more species...

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards

Community Climate, Biodiversity Alliance - May 2005

...

Biodiversity Offsets – A Briefing Paper for the Mining Industry

Biodiversity Offsets – A Briefing Paper for the Mining Industry

International Council on Mining and Metals - May 2005

Industry faces challenges as a result of its social, economic and environmental footprint. Since the mid 1990s, the mining industry has engaged in dialogue with environmental and social development organisations to determine how to address these challenges. Through this dialogue biodiversity has...

Good Practice Guidance for Mining and Biodiversity

Good Practice Guidance for Mining and Biodiversity

International Council on Mining and Metals - May 2005

Debate over the importance of biodiversity is increasing due to greater awareness of the need to protect biodiversity, the increasing presence of larger mining operations in remote, undeveloped locations, and in particular, the significantly increasing demands and pressures on biodiversity through...

Draft Guidelines for Implementing Ecoregional Status Measures

Draft Guidelines for Implementing Ecoregional Status Measures

The Nature Conservancy - April 2005

Ecoregional status measures comprise a set of data about the viability, threat and conservation status of biodiversity within an ecoregion. Derived primarily from data generated by ecoregional assessments, these measures provide a snapshot of the status of biodiversity conservation, as well as a...

Business and Biodiversity: Offsetting the impact on biodiversity

Business and Biodiversity: Offsetting the impact on biodiversity

- CREM - March 2005

The discussion paper under review with respect to biodiversity offsets is one of the documents constituting the output of the project ‘Business and Biodiversity in developing countries higher on the agenda of Dutch companies quoted on the stock exchange: identification of concepts and...

Environmental Offset Policies, Principles, and Methods: A Review of Selected Legislative Frameworks

Environmental Offset Policies, Principles, and Methods: A Review of Selected Legislative Frameworks

Bruce McKenney - March 2005

Environmental offsets seek to ensure that unavoidable adverse environmental impacts of development are counterbalanced by environmental gains, with the overall aim of achieving a net neutral or beneficial outcome. In line with sustainable development, offsets represent one important tool for...

Environmental Offsets: Position Statement No 9, Version 2

Environmental Offsets: Position Statement No 9, Version 2

Government of Australia - 2005

The task of developing bioregional planning processes which will protect biodiversity is part of Australia’s commitment towards a society based on principles of ecologically sustainable development (ESD). There is a wide spectrum of views about how such a society might be established, and the...

Preliminary Position Statement No 9 – Environmental Offsets: Comments by the Conservation Commission of Western Australia

Preliminary Position Statement No 9 – Environmental Offsets: Comments by the Conservation Commission of Western Australia

Government of Australia - December 2004

It is pleasing to see that the Environmental Protection Authority is aiming to achieve more rigour in assessing the need for and the appropriateness of particular offset initiatives. Offsets have been an important aspect of environmental management and decision making in Western Australia for many...

Productivity Commission Inquiry into Native Vegetation and Biodiversity Regulations

Productivity Commission Inquiry into Native Vegetation and Biodiversity Regulations

Government of Australia - December 2004

This submission details Victoria’s approach to native vegetation and biodiversity protection and management on private land. Its basic assumption is that the best biodiversity outcomes will be achieved by using a range and mix of policy tools and mechanisms in a co-ordinated way. Legislation...

 	  DRAFT: The Outcomes Monitoring Framework: Detailed Indicator Descriptions

DRAFT: The Outcomes Monitoring Framework: Detailed Indicator Descriptions

Elizabeth Kennedy - December 2004

Historically the conservation community has not employed a systematic, consistent framework for measuring the status of conservation targets (species, sites, or landscapes/seascapes) (Balmford et al. 20031; Royal Society 20032). This has impeded our ability to conclusively and quantitatively...

Planning and Environment Act 1987: Version No 075

Planning and Environment Act 1987: Version No 075

Government of Australia - November 2004

...

Threatened Biodiversity Survey and Assessment: Guidelines for Developments and Activities – Working Draft

Threatened Biodiversity Survey and Assessment: Guidelines for Developments and Activities – Working Draft

State of New South Wales, Department of Environment and Conservation - November 2004

The conservation of threatened plants, animals and their habitats in New South Wales (NSW) is integral to maintaining species diversity. As the diversity of species and their habitats may be adversely affected by developments, it is important that informed decisions regarding the impact of...

Natural Community Conservation Planning

Natural Community Conservation Planning

California Department of Fish and Game - November 2004

The Natural Community Conservation Planning (NCCP) program of the Department of Fish and Game is an unprecedented effort by the State of California, and numerous private and public partners, that takes a broad-based ecosystem approach to planning for the protection and perpetuation of biological...

Indicators for Assessing Progress Towards, and Communicating, the 2010 Target at the Global Level

Indicators for Assessing Progress Towards, and Communicating, the 2010 Target at the Global Level

In response to the request of the Conference of the Parties in paragraph 6 of its decision VII/30, the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group (AHTEG) on Indicators for Assessing Progress Towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target met in Montreal from 19 to 22 October 2004 to (i) review the use of the indicators...

Biodiversity Offsets: Good for Business and Biodiversity?

Biodiversity Offsets: Good for Business and Biodiversity?

Kerry ten Kate - November 2004

What are biodiversity offsets? “Conservation actions intended to compensate for the residual, unavoidable harm to biodiversity caused by development projects, so as to ensure no net loss of biodiversity. Before developers contemplate offsets, they should have first sought to avoid and minimize harm...

Biodiversity Offsets: Views, Experience, and the Business Case

Biodiversity Offsets: Views, Experience, and the Business Case

Kerry ten Kate, Josh Bishop, Ricardo Bayon - November 2004

Biodiversity1 offsets are conservation activities intended to compensate for the residual, unavoidable harm to biodiversity caused by development projects. Recent experience with regulatory regimes, such as wetland and conservation banking in the USA, tradable forest conservation obligations in...

Biodiversity Offsets: Views, Experience, and the Business Case – Executive Summary

Biodiversity Offsets: Views, Experience, and the Business Case – Executive Summary

Kerry ten Kate, Josh Bishop, Ricardo Bayon - November 2004

Biodiversity1 offsets are conservation2 activities intended to compensate for the residual, unavoidable harm to biodiversity caused by development projects. Recent experience with regulatory regimes, such as wetland and conservation banking in the USA, tradable forest conservation obligations in...

Physical Stream Assessment: A Review of Selected Protocols for Use in the Clean Water Act Section 404 Program

Physical Stream Assessment: A Review of Selected Protocols for Use in the Clean Water Act Section 404 Program

Government of the United States - September 2004

We reviewed stream assessment and mitigation protocols collected from throughout the United States in an effort to identify attributes most pertinent to the Clean Water Act (CWA) Section 404 regulatory program. We also solicited input from practitioners utilizing stream assessment protocols...

 	  Ecological Interactions and Evolution: Forgotten Parts of Biodiversity

Ecological Interactions and Evolution: Forgotten Parts of Biodiversity

Thomas Bohn, Per-Arne Amundsen - September 2004

Organisms are shaped contemporaneously by ecological processes and over long periods of time by evolution. These activities have lead to the diversification of life. But is the diversity of life all biodiversity is? We argue that biodiversity is the conclusion drawn both from the variety of life...

Is biodiversity a material risk for companies?

Is biodiversity a material risk for companies?

F&C Asset Management - September 2004

Over the past decade, global loss of biodiversity, and the consequent economic value of ‘ecosystem services’, has been rising up the public policy agenda. We have now reached a point at which increased scientific understanding of biodiversity loss, combined with greater analysis of its causes and...

Landowners Bank on Conservation: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Guidance on Conservation Banking

Landowners Bank on Conservation: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Guidance on Conservation Banking

Marybeth Bauer, Jessica Fox, Michael Bean - August 2004

For many years, fossil enthusiasts have searched for Miocene fossils on a secluded beach south of Chesapeake Beach, Maryland. About a decade ago, without warning or explanation, a formidable chain link fence appeared on the beach, anchored at one end to the nearly vertical cliffs behind the beach,...

Federal Guidance on Protection and Mitigation of Difficult To Replace Aquatic Resources Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Federal Guidance on Protection and Mitigation of Difficult To Replace Aquatic Resources Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Government of the United States - August 2004

This document provides interagency guidance on the special emphasis given to protection of wetlands and other aquatic resources (hereafter collectively referred to as aquatic resources) for which compensatory mitigation through restoration or creation is not feasible or scientifically viable. ...

Federal Guidance on the Use of Preservation as Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Federal Guidance on the Use of Preservation as Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Government of the United States - August 2004

This document provides guidance on the use of preservation as compensatory mitigation undertaken to meet permit requirements under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and/or Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899. The permit program requires appropriate and practicable compensatory...

Federal Guidance on the Use of Vegetated Buffers as Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Federal Guidance on the Use of Vegetated Buffers as Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Government of the United States - August 2004

This document provides guidance on the use of vegetated buffers as a component of compensatory mitigation plans undertaken to meet permit requirements under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and/or Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899. The permit program requires appropriate and...

Environmental Offsets: Position Statement No 9

Environmental Offsets: Position Statement No 9

Government of Australia - July 2004

In recent decades, there have been several attempts at developing and using environmental offsets as an environmental management tool in Western Australia (WA). For example, in the 1980s and 1990s government agencies attempted to counter adverse environmental impacts to Swan Coastal Plain...

Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation

Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation

The Conservation Measures Partnership - June 2004

In order to achieve our goals, the conservation community must determine the extent to which our actions are working – and we must be able to diagnose why some actions succeed while others do not. In recent years, there has been great convergence among conservation organizations in thinking...

Council Directive of 2 April 1979 on the Conservation of Wild Birds

Council Directive of 2 April 1979 on the Conservation of Wild Birds

European Union - May 2004

This Directive relates to the conservation of all species of naturally occurring birds in the wild state in the European territory of the Member States to which the Treaty applies. It covers the protection, management and control of these species and lays down rules for their exploitation....

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora

European Union - May 2004

Whereas it is recognized that the adoption of measures intended to promote the conservation of priority natural habitats and priority species of Community interest is a common responsibility of all Member States; whereas this may, however, impose an excessive financial burden on certain Member...

 	  Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex I

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex I

European Union - May 2004

Guidance on the interpretation of habitat types is given in the "Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats" as approved by the committee set up under Article 20 ("Habitats Committee") and published by the European Commission....

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex II

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora: Annex II

European Union - May 2004

Most species listed in this Annex are also listed in Annex IV. Where a species appears in this Annex but does not appear in either Annex IV or Annex V, the species name is followed by the symbol (o); where a species which appears in this Annex also appears in Annex V but does not appear in Annex...

Measuring Mitigation: A Review of the Science for Compensatory Mitigation Performance Standards

Measuring Mitigation: A Review of the Science for Compensatory Mitigation Performance Standards

Environmental Law Institute - April 2004

Attention to the federal compensatory mitigation program has been growing over the years and became heightened after the release of a National Academy of Sciences 2001 report evaluating the success of compensatory mitigation to achieve no net loss of function of the nation’s wetland resources....

Federal Guidance on the Use of In-Lieu-Fee Arrangements for Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act

Federal Guidance on the Use of In-Lieu-Fee Arrangements for Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act

Government of the United States - April 2004

The Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) are issuing final policy guidance regarding the use of in-lieu-fee arrangements for the purpose of providing compensation for adverse impacts to...

Federal Guidance on the Use of Off-Site and Out-of-Kind Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Federal Guidance on the Use of Off-Site and Out-of-Kind Compensatory Mitigation Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act

Government of the United States - April 2004

This document provides interagency guidance on the use of off-site and out-of-kind compensatory mitigation undertaken to meet permit requirements under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act (CWA). The permit program relies on compensatory mitigation to offset unavoidable impacts to aquatic systems...

Global Energy: Introducing the Goldman Sachs Energy Environmental and Social Index

Global Energy: Introducing the Goldman Sachs Energy Environmental and Social Index

Goldman Sachs - February 2004

We have created the Goldman Sachs Energy Environmental and Social (GSEES) Index by scoring companies relative to each other on metrics within the above categories. There are 30 criteria, of which 28 are objective. We have not attempted to score the industry against other industries. We find...

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: Act No. 91 of 1999 as Amended, Volume 1

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: Act No. 91 of 1999 as Amended, Volume 1

Government of Australia - January 2004

The objects of this Act are: to provide for the protection of the environment, especially those aspects of the environment that are matters of national environmental significance; and to promote ecologically sustainable development through the conservation and ecologically sustainable use of...

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: Act No. 91 of 1999 as Amended, Volume 2

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: Act No. 91 of 1999 as Amended, Volume 2

Government of Australia - January 2004

Recovery plans for listed threatened species and ecological communities and threat abatement plans for key threatening processes bind the Commonwealth and Commonwealth agencies. The Minister must ensure that a recovery plan is in force for each listed threatened species and ecological community....

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Regulations 2000: Statutory Rules 2000 No. 181 as Amended

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Regulations 2000: Statutory Rules 2000 No. 181 as Amended

Government of Australia - January 2004

For paragraph (g) of the definition of nuclear action in subsection 22 (1) of the Act, a nuclear action includes establishing, significantly modifying, decommissioning or rehabilitating a facility where radioactive materials at or above the activity level mentioned in regulation 2.02 are, were,...

Offsetting Environmental Impacts to Facilitate Mining

Offsetting Environmental Impacts to Facilitate Mining

Sarah Fish, David Snashall, James Steater - 2004

Increasing pressures on land, the environment and society from economic development have often resulted in conflicting and competing demands that are not always sustainable. Rio Tinto Coal Australia (RTCA) faced such a challenge to its proposed new open cut extension at the Warkworth Coal Mine...

Draft Native Vegetation Regulation 2004

Draft Native Vegetation Regulation 2004

Government of Australia - 2004

This Regulation is the Native Vegetation Regulation 2004. In this Regulation: development consent means development consent required by the Act for the cleaning of native vegetation....

Draft Native Vegetation Regulation 2004: Environmental Outcomes Assessment Methodology

Draft Native Vegetation Regulation 2004: Environmental Outcomes Assessment Methodology

Government of Australia - 2004

In December 2003 the Government undertook a major overhaul of natural resource management institutions in NSW by passing the Natural Resources Commission Act, 2003 Catchment Management Authorities Act 2003 and the Native Vegetation Act 2003. These new reforms were built on the Wentworth Groups...

Draft Native Vegetation Regulation 2004: Regulatory Impact Statement

Draft Native Vegetation Regulation 2004: Regulatory Impact Statement

Government of Australia - 2004

The proposed Regulation is titled the Native Vegetation Regulation 2004 (NVR 2004) under the Native Vegetation Act 2003 (NV Act). The Minister for Natural Resources is the proponent and the Minister responsible for making the Regulation....

Mining and Biodiversity in South Africa: A Discussion Paper

Mining and Biodiversity in South Africa: A Discussion Paper

Kristal Maze, Susie Brownlie, Amanda Driver - 2004

This paper focuses on biodiversity conservation planning and how it provides a useful tool for land-use planning and impact assessment in the mining sector in South Africa. The mining sector is a major landowner and land user in South Africa, and has considerable obligations in terms of our policy...

Protecting Shareholder and Natural Value

Protecting Shareholder and Natural Value

Annelisa Grigg, Kerry ten Kate - 2004

Insight Investment is the asset manager of the Halifax Bank of Scotland (HBOS plc), with £71.8 billion of assets under management, as at 31 March 2004. 11.7% of Insight’s investments in equities and substantial bonds holdings are in oil & gas, mining & minerals and utilities companies.1 Insight...

Akwé Kon Voluntary Guidelines

Akwé Kon Voluntary Guidelines

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity - 2004

The Akwé: Kon Voluntary Guidelines for the Conduct of Cultural, Environmental and Social Impact Assessments Regarding Developments Proposed to Take Place on, or which are Likely to Impact on, Sacred Sites and on Lands and Waters Traditionally Occupied or Used by Indigenous and Local Communities...

 	  Global Biodiversity Outlook: Chapter 1 – Status and Trends of Global Biodiversity

Global Biodiversity Outlook: Chapter 1 – Status and Trends of Global Biodiversity

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity - 2004

The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the changing status of the world’s biological diversity. The first sections below provide general information on the nature and scope of biological diversity, and broad trends at genetic and species level. Subsequent sections outline the...

Native Vegetation Act 2003 No 103

Native Vegetation Act 2003 No 103

Government of Australia - December 2003

An Act relating to the sustainable management and conservation of native vegetation; to repeal the Native Vegetation Conservation Act 1997; and for other purposes. [Assented to 11 December 2003]...

Native Vegetation Act 1991, Reprint No 4

Native Vegetation Act 1991, Reprint No 4

Government of Australia - November 2003

An Act to provide incentives and assistance to landowners in relation to the preservation and enhancement of native vegetation; to control the clearance of native vegetation; and for other purposes. This Act is published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 and incorporates all...

Multi-Agency Compensatory Mitigation Plan Checklist

Multi-Agency Compensatory Mitigation Plan Checklist

United States Army Corps of Engineers - November 2003

This document is intended as a technical guide for Clean Water Act (CWA) Section 404 permit applicants preparing compensatory mitigation plans. Compensatory mitigation is required to offset impacts that cannot be avoided and minimized to the extent practicable. The purpose of this document is to...

Biodiversity Offsets: Mileage, Methods and (Maybe) Markets

Biodiversity Offsets: Mileage, Methods and (Maybe) Markets

Kerry ten Kate - November 2003

Business case for voluntary, ‘beyond compliance’ measures: license to operate, reputation, competitive advantage, reduce liabilities Is this sufficient to encourage voluntary offset commitments?...

Upper South East Dryland Salinity and Flood Management Project Update

Upper South East Dryland Salinity and Flood Management Project Update

Government of Australia - October 2003

The Upper South East is now poised to benefi t from a very signifi cant investment from the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality (NAP). More than $38 million from the Australian and State Governments, along with landholder contributions will have a huge impact on salinity and fl ood...

 	  Conservation Banking as a Market-Based Incentive for Recovery of T&E Species

Conservation Banking as a Market-Based Incentive for Recovery of T&E Species

Adam Davis - October 2003

Ecosystem Services theory, in practice: Supply and demand = financial value; However: ‘demand’ by private parties for ‘public goods’ is mediated primarily by law (to a lesser extent by strategy and ethics); Therefore: Financial value depends on policy and enforcement....

Model “Operational Guidelines for Creating or Restoring Wetlands that are Ecologically Self-Sustaining” for Aquatic Resources Impacts Under the Corps Regulatory Program Pursuant to Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act

Model “Operational Guidelines for Creating or Restoring Wetlands that are Ecologically Self-Sustaining” for Aquatic Resources Impacts Under the Corps Regulatory Program Pursuant to Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act

United States Army Corps of Engineers - October 2003

In its comprehensive report entitled “Compensating for Wetland Losses Under the Clean Water Act,” the National Research Council (NRC) provided ten guidelines to aid in planning and implementing successful mitigation projects (“Operational Guidelines for Creating or Restoring Wetlands that are...

Consultation Document to Accompany Insight's Presentation to the World Parks Congress, 13 September 2003 – Biodiversity: Towards Best Practice for Extractive and Utility Companies

Consultation Document to Accompany Insight's Presentation to the World Parks Congress, 13 September 2003 – Biodiversity: Towards Best Practice for Extractive and Utility Companies

Kerry ten Kate - September 2003

Human activities are making an increasing impact on the integrity of ecosystems that provide essential resources and services for human well-being and economic activities. In particular, biodiversity2 is being lost at an unprecedented rate,3 while global population and consumption are growing4....

A Prototype Toolkit for Scoring the Biodiversity Benefits of Land Use Change, Version 5.1

A Prototype Toolkit for Scoring the Biodiversity Benefits of Land Use Change, Version 5.1

Ian Oliver, David Parkes - August 2003

This document is a prototype guide that can be used to assess the biodiversity benefits (and disbenefits) likely to result from a change in land use. This ‘toolkit’ aims to strike a balance between a meaningful, defensible and practical approach, and builds upon the Habitat Hectares...

Market-Based Environmental Policies: What Can We Learn from U.S. Experience and Related Research?

Market-Based Environmental Policies: What Can We Learn from U.S. Experience and Related Research?

Robert Stavins - August 2003

Ever since the passage of the 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air act and the creation of a market in sulfur dioxide (SO2), it has become clear that market mechanisms can be effectively used to achieve environmental policies. But markets are neither infallible nor automatic. They have blind spots...

Mining and Biodiversity: Towards Best Practice

Mining and Biodiversity: Towards Best Practice

The World COnservation Union, International Council on Mining and Metals - July 2003

Economic development, social equity and environmental protection are the essential elements of sustainable development. The nexus between economic development and the conservation of natural resources has been, in particular, a subject of recurrent debate....

Guidance for the Establishment, Use, and Operation of Conservation Banks

Guidance for the Establishment, Use, and Operation of Conservation Banks

Fish and Wildlife Service - May 2003

This memorandum is intended to be applied to conservation bank proposals submitted for approval on or after the date of this guidance and to those in early stages of planning or development. It is not intended for the guidance to be retroactive for banks that have already received agency approval....

Assessing the Quality of Native Vegetation: The ‘Habitat Hectares' Approach

Assessing the Quality of Native Vegetation: The ‘Habitat Hectares' Approach

David Parkes, Graeme Newell, David Cheal - February 2003

Assessments of the ‘quality’, condition or status of stands of native vegetation or habitat are now commonplace and are often an essential component of ecological studies and planning processes. Even when soundly based upon ecological principles, these assessments are usually highly subjective and...

Auctions for Conservation Contracts: An Empirical Examination of Victoria's BushTender Trial

Auctions for Conservation Contracts: An Empirical Examination of Victoria's BushTender Trial

Gary Stoneham, Vivek Chaudhri, Arthur Ha, Loris Strappazzon - 2003

A century ago in Australia food and fibre were scarce relative to the supply of habitat. Today the opposite could be argued. Governments now face the problem of encouraging landholders to provide public goods, such as habitat conservation, in the face of an economic environment that facilitates the...

Planning for Living Landscapes: Perspectives and Lessons from South Africa

Planning for Living Landscapes: Perspectives and Lessons from South Africa

Amanda Driver, Richard Cowling, Kristal Maze - 2003

The long-term survival and well-being of people depends on effective conservation of the world’s biodiversity. This requires living landscapes: landscapes that are able to support life of all forms now and into the future. Pressures on biodiversity show no sign of abating, yet resources for...

Opportunities forBenefiting Biodiversity Conservation

Opportunities forBenefiting Biodiversity Conservation

The Energy and Biodiversity Institute - 2003

...

BHP Billiton Petroleum in Liverpool Bay , United Kingdom : A Major Offshore Development is Established in an Area of High Environmental Sensitivity

BHP Billiton Petroleum in Liverpool Bay , United Kingdom : A Major Offshore Development is Established in an Area of High Environmental Sensitivity

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association - 2003

Liverpool Bay lies in the eastern Irish sea against the coasts of North Wales and North-West England, a heavily industrialized coastline. Exploration activities carried out by BHP Billiton Petroleum during 1990 were the first to locate significant supplies of commercial oil and gas;...

ChevronTexaco in San Joaquin Valley , California : Participating in a Major Habitat Conservation Plan to Protect the Natural Habitat and Endangered Species

ChevronTexaco in San Joaquin Valley , California : Participating in a Major Habitat Conservation Plan to Protect the Natural Habitat and Endangered Species

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association - 2003

In the valley floor of Kern County, California, a major habitat conservation plan has been under way for 10 years to safeguard the remaining areas of natural habitat and a number of endangered plant and animal species. ChevronTexaco represents the Western States Petroleum Association on the...

ChevronTexaco in the Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea: Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development in Papua New Guinea's Rain Forests

ChevronTexaco in the Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea: Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development in Papua New Guinea's Rain Forests

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association - 2003

Protecting people and the environment is at the cornerstone of ChevronTexaco’s corporate policy. Chevron Niugini has made this commitment integral to the design and operation of the company’s Kutubu Petroleum Development Project in Papua New Guinea. This case study describes Chevron Niugini’s...

How Can a Native Vegetation Offset Policy Contribute to a ‘No Net Loss' of Native Vegetation Quality and Quantity?

How Can a Native Vegetation Offset Policy Contribute to a ‘No Net Loss' of Native Vegetation Quality and Quantity?

Tony Baird - 2003

Native vegetation offsets for vegetation loss is a relatively new policy area, although wider environmental offsets, including wetland banking, greenhouse gas and others have been used for the last thirty to forty years. This study sought to investigate how native vegetation offsets can contribute...

Upper South East Dryland Salinity and Flood Management Act 2002

Upper South East Dryland Salinity and Flood Management Act 2002

Government of Australia - December 2002

An Act to provide for a scheme to protect and improve the environment and agricultural production in the Upper South East through the proper conservation and management of water and the initiation or implementation by the Government of the State of works and environmental management programs and...

 	  National Wetlands Mitigation Action Plan

National Wetlands Mitigation Action Plan

Government of the United States - December 2002

The Bush Administration affirms its commitment to the goal of no net loss of the Nation=s wetlands. The Administration is hopeful of achieving that goal and in the near future to begin increasing the overall functions and values of our wetlands through the combined efforts of the numerous...

Compensatory Wetlands: A Discussion Paper Under the NSW Wetlands Management Policy

Compensatory Wetlands: A Discussion Paper Under the NSW Wetlands Management Policy

Government of Australia - November 2002

The NSW Wetlands Management Policy is a whole-of-government policy released in 1996 to encourage the community and government to work in partnership towards the ecologically sustainable conservation, management and use of wetlands in New South Wales....

Annual Report of the Native Vegetation Council, 2001/2002

Annual Report of the Native Vegetation Council, 2001/2002

Government of Australia - September 2002

The Native Vegetation Act, 1991 (the Act) was proclaimed on 18 April 1991. The Act replaced the Native Vegetation Management Act, 1985, and controls the clearance of native vegetation as well as having a number of initiatives to assist the conservation, management and research of native vegetation...

Decreto No 4.340, 22 Agusto 2002

Decreto No 4.340, 22 Agusto 2002

Government of Brazil - August 2002

Art. 2o O ato de criação de uma unidade de conservação deve indicar: a denominação, a categoria de manejo, os objetivos, os limites, a área da unidade e o órgão responsável por sua administração; a população tradicional beneficiária, no caso das Reservas Extrativistas e das Reservas de...

Conservation and Mitigation Banking: Highlights of Resources Agency Policy for Establishing Conservation Bank

Conservation and Mitigation Banking: Highlights of Resources Agency Policy for Establishing Conservation Bank

California Department of Fish and Game - August 2002

The site must provide for the long term conservation of habitat and species. The bank is established pursuant to a legally enforceable Implementing Agreement (signed by all agencies involved). The site must be large enough to be ecologically self sustaining and/or part of a larger conservation...

Lei No 14.247, 29 Julho 2002

Lei No 14.247, 29 Julho 2002

Government of Brazil - July 2002

Esta lei institui o Sistema Estadual de Unidades de Conservação no Estado de Goiás e estabelece critérios e normas para a criação, implantação e gestão das unidades de conservação, além de dispor sobre incentivos e penalidades....

Green Offsets for Sustainable Development: Concept Paper

Green Offsets for Sustainable Development: Concept Paper

Government of Australia - April 2002

Sustainable development takes a long-term view, and looks to the future effects of what we do today. It gives priority to building a healthy nation and world to pass on to future generations. However, population growth and changing lifestyles pose new challenges demanding fresh resolve and...

Native Vegetation Act 1997, Reprint No 1

Native Vegetation Act 1997, Reprint No 1

Government of Australia - February 2002

An Act relating to the conservation and sustainable management of native vegetation and the clearing of land; to amend the Soil Conservation Act 1938 and certain other Acts; to repeal State Environmental Planning Policy No 46--Protection and Management of Native Vegetation ; and for related...

 	  The Tradable Permits Approach to Protecting the Commons: What Have We Learned?

The Tradable Permits Approach to Protecting the Commons: What Have We Learned?

Tom Tietenberg - 2002

The atmosphere is but one of many commons and climate change is but one example of over-exploitation of the commons. An approach employed increasingly for coping with the problem of rationing access to the commons involves the use of tradable permits. Applications of this approach have spread to...

Assessment of Plans and Projects Significantly Affecting NATURA 2000 Sites

Assessment of Plans and Projects Significantly Affecting NATURA 2000 Sites

European Union - November 2001

This document has been produced to provide nonmandatory methodological help to carry out or review the assessments required under Article 6(3) and (4) of the habitats directive (1) (referred to here as the Article 6 assessments). These assessments are required where a project or plan may give...

Method for Determining the Number of Available Credits for California Red-Legged Frog Conservation Banks

Method for Determining the Number of Available Credits for California Red-Legged Frog Conservation Banks

Fish and Wildlife Service - September 2001

The California red-legged frog is the largest native frog in the western United States. It is endemic to California and Baja California, Mexico. It is typically found from sea level to elevations of approximately 1,500 meters (5,000 feet). The California red-legged frog ranges in length from 1.5...

Offsets, Salinity and Native Vegetation: Discussion Paper

Offsets, Salinity and Native Vegetation: Discussion Paper

Government of Australia - July 2001

This discussion paper examines whether, and how, the negative impacts of clearing native vegetation might be offset by separate actions that have positive impacts. Offset actions could include improving the management of existing native vegetation, restoring or regenerating an area of degraded...

National Objectives and Targets for Biodiversity Conservation, 2001-2005

National Objectives and Targets for Biodiversity Conservation, 2001-2005

Government of Australia - 2001

Biodiversity describes the organisms in the natural environment, which provide the ecosystem services that form our natural capital: fresh water, clean air, soil fertility and biological pest control. Biodiversity is fundamental to the future sustainability of the world’s natural resources. A...

Application of NATURA 2000 in the Marine Environment

Application of NATURA 2000 in the Marine Environment

European Union - 2001

Short contributions from the participants illustrated that Member States have made very different progress in the identification and selection process of marine sites for NATURA 2000. The meeting had to recognize that overall the implementation is making very slow progress. On one hand only very...

 	  Credit for Conservation: A Report on Conservation Banking and Mitigation Banking in the USA , with its Applicability to New South Wales

Credit for Conservation: A Report on Conservation Banking and Mitigation Banking in the USA , with its Applicability to New South Wales

Mark Sheahan - 2001

Conservation banking and mitigation banking programs in the USA provide useful examples of the development of market-based systems for habitat, native vegetation, and biodiversity. The US schemes, despite being operated in a range of jurisdictions, share a number of common components – this...

Encouraging Voluntary Initiatives for Corporate Greening

Encouraging Voluntary Initiatives for Corporate Greening

Robert Gibson - September 2000

None of the usual options – the market, conventional regulatory authority and customary propriety – can meet the challenge of moving toward sustainability in a dynamic, globalizing political economy. At least they cannot do so as usually applied and haphazardly associated. Efforts to build a...

Lei No 9.985, 18 Julho 2000

Lei No 9.985, 18 Julho 2000

Government of Brazil - July 2000

...

Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988: Version No 030

Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988: Version No 030

Government of Australia - June 2000

The purpose of this Act is to establish a legal and administrative structure to enable and promote the conservation of Victoria's native flora and fauna and to provide for a choice of procedures which can be used for the conservation, management or control of flora and fauna and the management of...

The NSW Wetlands Management Policy

The NSW Wetlands Management Policy

Government of Australia - June 2000

It is the policy of the NSW Government to: encourage the management of the wetlands of the State so as to halt and where possible, reverse: loss of wetland vegetation; declining water quality; declining natural productivity; loss of biological diversity; and declining natural flood mitigation....

Mining and Biodiversity: Rehabilitating Coal Mine Sites

Mining and Biodiversity: Rehabilitating Coal Mine Sites

John Rolfe - June 2000

Concerns about environmental impacts have become widespread over the past four decades. In most of regional Australia, these concerns have focused on the activities of the agricultural and mining industries, as these are often the only economic activities in many regions. ...

Carbon Forestry Projects in Developing Countries

Carbon Forestry Projects in Developing Countries

Legal Issues and Tools

Patsy Davis - Forest Trends - April 2000

Increasing awareness of the need for action on global warming has produced a search for ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to sequester carbon to offset such emissions. At the present time, nations around the globe are hotly debating whether to put into force the Kyoto Protocol. To...

Policy Review: Wetland Mitigation – Report No 99-40

Policy Review: Wetland Mitigation – Report No 99-40

State of Florida - Office of Program Policy Analysis , Government Accountability - March 2000

Wetlands provide vital functions to the natural environment, including groundwater recharge, stormwater attenuation, and wildlife habitat. The efforts of the state regulatory agencies, the Department of Environmental Protection (department hereafter) and the water management districts (districts...

Progress on the Back Forty: An Analysis of Three Incentive-Based Approaches to Endangered Species Conservation on Private Land

Progress on the Back Forty: An Analysis of Three Incentive-Based Approaches to Endangered Species Conservation on Private Land

Environmental Defense - January 2000

The following report takes a close look at how to buy the other half of Leopold’s metaphorical umbrella. It examines how farmers, forest landowners, ranchers, and other landowners can help rare species while owning and using their land for economic gain. Specifically, it looks at three public...

Managing NATURA 2000 Sites: The Provisions of Article 6 of the ‘Habitats' Directive 92/42/CEE

Managing NATURA 2000 Sites: The Provisions of Article 6 of the ‘Habitats' Directive 92/42/CEE

European Union - 2000

The first chapter of Directive 92/43/EEC, comprising Articles 1 and 2, is entitled ‘Definitions’. This chapter sets out the aim of the directive which is to ‘contribute towards ensuring biodiversity through the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora in the European territory...

Natura 2000 and Forests ‘Challenges and Opportunities'

Natura 2000 and Forests ‘Challenges and Opportunities'

European Union - 2000

This document aims to clarify the role of forests and forestry in the Natura 2000 ecological network, in order to facilitate the uptake of Natura 2000 among forestry operators....

 	  Carbon Forestry Projects in Developing Countries: Legal Issues and Tools

Carbon Forestry Projects in Developing Countries: Legal Issues and Tools

Patsy Davis - 2000

Increasing awareness of the need for action on global warming has produced a search for ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to sequester carbon to offset such emissions. At the present time nations around the globe are hotly debating whether to put into force the Kyoto Protocol, a...

Sustaining Life on Earth: How the Convention on Biological Diversity Promotes Nature and Human Well-Being

Sustaining Life on Earth: How the Convention on Biological Diversity Promotes Nature and Human Well-Being

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity - 2000

In a world of increasing globalization and environmental degradation, management of its most precious living resource, biological diversity, is one of the most important and critical challenges facing humankind today. Biological diversity is the resource upon which families, communities, nations...

Getting It Right

Getting It Right

Emerging Markets for Storing Carbon in Forests

Michael Totten - World Resources Institute, Forest Trends - January 1999

Forests offer one of the most cost-effective opportunities for storing or sequestering carbon. This report is directly relevant to companies in any industry - not just forest products. Indeed, there are clear co-benefits to be gained from companies interested in carbon offsets, and forestland...

Summary: Biodiversity Plan for the South East of South Australia, 1999

Summary: Biodiversity Plan for the South East of South Australia, 1999

Tim Croft, Tatia Zubrinich, Ann Shaw Rungie, Alison Oppermann, Georgina House - 1999

The conservation of our natural biodiversity is essential for the functioning of natural systems. Aside from the intrinsic importance of conserving the diversity of species many of South Australia's economic activities are based on the sustainable use, conservation and management of...

Biodiversity: Life's Variety

Biodiversity: Life's Variety

Government of Australia - 1999

Biodiversity has many values. At the most fundamental level, biodiversity is the basis for healthy, functioning ecosystems that are necessary to maintain essential ecosystem services. These include: soil formation, nutrient storage and cycling, plant pollination and pollution breakdown and...

NATURA 2000: Opportunities and Obstacles

NATURA 2000: Opportunities and Obstacles

World Wildlife Fund - 1999

By adopting the Habitats Directive in 1992, the governments of the European Community committed themselves to the creation of the Natura 2000 ecological network, with the aim of conserving an extensive range of European habitat types and wildlife species. In doing so, they set in motion...

 	  Implementing the Habitats Directive in Marine and Coastal Areas

Implementing the Habitats Directive in Marine and Coastal Areas

European Union - 1998

The Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London, is an independent institute concerned with advancing environmental policies in Europe. This seminar has been organised on the initiative of the Institute, in response to a perceived shortcoming in the application of the...

The Ecological Component of Environmental Impact Assessment

The Ecological Component of Environmental Impact Assessment

A Critical Review of British Environmental Statements

S. THOMPSON , J. R. TREWEEK, D. J. THURLING - July 1997

Environmental assessment (EA) of the impacts of development is required under the 1985 European Directive 85/337/EEC, which is implemented in Britain primarily through the 1988 Town and Country Planning (Assessment of Environmental Effects) Regulations. Ecology provides analytical procedures for...

A review of ecological mitigation measures in UK environmental statements with respect to sustainable development

A review of ecological mitigation measures in UK environmental statements with respect to sustainable development

Jo Treweek, Stewart Thompson - June 1997

The European and UK legislation on environmental assessment (EA) J as well as requiring assessment of significant ecological effects, also requires development proponents to recommend mitigation measures for adverse impacts. Drawing on a review of proposed ecological mitigation measures in 194...

The Wetlands Policy of the Commonwealth Government of Australia

The Wetlands Policy of the Commonwealth Government of Australia

Government of Australia - January 1997

In 1995 the Biodiversity Group of Environment Australia (formerly the Australian Nature Conservation Agency), as the designated administrative authority for implementation in Australia of the Ramsar Convention, began the process of preparing this Policy. The Agency was responding to...

Ecology and Environmental Impact Assessment

Ecology and Environmental Impact Assessment

Jo Treweek - July 1996

...

Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996

Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996

Government of the United States - April 1996

It is the purpose of this title: to authorize the use of binding production flexibility contracts between the United States and agricultural producers to support farming certainty and flexibility while ensuring continued compliance with farm conservation and wetland protection requirements; to...

Federal Guidance for the Establishment, Use and Operation of Mitigation Banks

Federal Guidance for the Establishment, Use and Operation of Mitigation Banks

Government of the United States - November 1995

he Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) are issuing final policy guidance regarding the establishment, use and operation of mitigation...

Official Policy on Conservation Banks

Official Policy on Conservation Banks

Douglas Wheeler, James Strock - April 1995

A conservation bank is a single parcel, or a series of contiguous or non-contiguous parcels, of habitat which is managed for its natural resource values. The resource benefits derived from this management regime are sold as "credits" to project proponents who seek mitigation opportunities to...

Conservation Banking – A Technical Report

Conservation Banking – A Technical Report

Toyon Environmental Consultans, Inc. - 1995

This report has been prepared as a reference for a variety of audiences, but the primary target is someone who is considering establishing a conservation bank. The text is addressed to that person -- when we say "you", we mean the person seriously interested in setting up a conservation bank....

The Theory and Practice of Transferring Development Rights: The Institutions for Contracting for Biodiversity

The Theory and Practice of Transferring Development Rights: The Institutions for Contracting for Biodiversity

Timothy Swanson - 1995

This study explains why the theory of transferable development rights, runs into difficulty because of the lack of legal bases and institutions for the transfer. The problem, in brief is that while ownership rights at a domestic level can be "un-bundled" though legal agreements such as leases or...

Ecological Assessment of Proposed Road Developments

Ecological Assessment of Proposed Road Developments

A Review of Environmental Statements

Jo Treweek, Stewart Thompson - February 1993

The European and UK legislation on environmental assessment (EA) J as well as requiring assessment of significant ecological effects, also requires development proponents to recommend mitigation measures for adverse impacts. Drawing on a review of proposed ecological mitigation measures in 194...

Native Vegetation Act 1991

Native Vegetation Act 1991

Government of Australia - 1991

An Act to provide incentives and assistance to landowners in relation to the preservation and enhancement of native vegetation; to control the clearance of native vegetation; and for other purposes....

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